Articles under For Beginners

Policies Issued by ECGC
Policies Issued by ECGC ECGC issues a number of policies which cover commercial as well as political risk associated with export trade:   (a) Construction Works Policy : Construction Works Policy is the comprehensive policy covering credit risk faced by Indian contractors executing civil contracts abroad, The Policy is designed to protect the Contractor from 85% of the losses that may be sustained by him due to the following risks: Insolvency of the employer, when he i Continue reading »
Procedures for Online Generation of Shipping Bill
Procedures for Online Generation of Shipping Bill   Indian Customs EDI System can accept the documents from the trading partners in the Electronic Format. The documents can be prepared and submitted using either the Electronic Data interchange or Service Centre. Importers/Exporters and Customs House Agents who do not have access to the Internet can get their documents electronically prepared and submitted for further processing at the Service Centre. The data entered through Continue reading »
Role of Clearing and Forwarding Agents
Role of Clearing and Forwarding Agents:   Export-import procedures are very complex and time-consuming. Therefore, every exporter should avail the services of Clearing and Forwarding (C&F) agent who are expert and well versed with the customs and shipment procedures. For smooth and timely shipment of goods, the exporter must appoint a competent C&F agent who is able to, inter alia, provide the following services:   Essential Services: (a) Transportation of go Continue reading »
Procedure for Obtaining Marine Insurance Policy
Procedure for Obtaining Marine Insurance Policy     The following is the procedure for obtaining marine insurance policy: (a) Selecting the Insurance Company: General insurance business in India is the monopoly of General Insurance Corporation (GIC) of India and its four subsidiaries. However, if an exporter intends to insure with a foreign company, then prior permission of the RBI must be obtained.   (b) Deciding Appropriate Type of Policy: There are various Continue reading »
Features of Post-shipment Finance
Features of Post-shipment Finance The features post-shipment finance are as under: (a) Eligibility: Post-shipment finance is available to all types of exporters such as: • Merchant exporters; • Manufacturer exporters; • Export houses; • Trading houses; • Manufacturers supplying goods to Export Houses (EH), Trading Houses (TH) or merchant exporters. (b) Documentary Evidence: Following documents are required to be submitted by the direct Continue reading »
6 .
Meaning of Export Finance
7 .
Post-shipment Procedure
8 .
Certificate of Measurement under exports
9 .
Certificate of export inspection
10 .
GR, Guaranteed Remittance
11 .
Significance of Bill of Lading for Importers
12 .
Importance of Export Pricing
13 .
Process to select International market
14 .
Selection of Products for Exports
15 .
Registration Process for Exports in India
16 .
Different categories of exporters
17 .
Advantages of Indirect Exporting
18 .
Methods of Exporting
19 .
INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION
20 .
Advantages of Air Transportation
21 .
DISADVANTAGES OF AIR TRANSPORTATION
22 .
Is transhipment permitted if Airway Bill is one
23 .
Right of Consigner on Airway Bill
24 .
Airway Bill Neither Document of Title nor Negotiable Document
25 .
CONTENTS OF AIRWAY BILL USED IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
26 .
Purposes of Airway Bill in Exports and Imports
27 .
Facilities available at Dry Port
28 .
Dry Port, what does it mean?
29 .
Freight Rate Structure under International trade
30 .
Types of ships
31 .
Voyage Charter under International Business
32 .
Tramp shipping in International Trade
33 .
Bulk cargo and General cargo for Exports
34 .
Central Excise Clearance for Exports in India
35 .
Quality Control and Pre-Shipment Inspection under International trade
36 .
Packing and Marking in Export Import
37 .
Letter of Credit process
38 .
Any fixed charges for Customs brokers?
39 .
Optional services of CHA in India
40 .
Essential services of Clearing and Forwarding Agents in India
41 .
ROLE OF CLEARING AND FORWARDING AGENTS IN INDIA
42 .
In process Quality Control under Quality inspection of export
43 .
Consignment wise pre inspection procedures under Export
44 .
WHEN AND WHY TO INSURE IN IMORT EXPORT TRADE
45 .
Parties to Marine Insurance
46 .
MEANING OF MARINE CARGO INSURANCE
47 .
Types of risks in International Trade
48 .
Line of Credit means under Import and Export
49 .
Post-shipment Credit in Foreign Currency
50 .
Advance Against Undrawn Balances under Export
51 .
Advance Against Export Bills
52 .
Negotiation of Export Documents under Letters of Credit
53 .
POST SHIPMENT FINANCE, MORE FACTS
54 .
PRE SHIPMENT FINANCE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE
55 .
Shipment on Consignment Basis under Import and Export
56 .
Revocable and Irrevocable Credit
57 .
Collection of Bill under Export Import Trade
58 .
Trade marks under Export Import Business
59 .
Bank Certificate of Payment under International Trade
60 .
Trust Receipt in Export Import Trade
61 .
Bill of Entry under Imports in India
62 .
Importance to the Shipping Company
63 .
Bill of Lading and Exporter
64 .
Who can lodge claim based on Bill of Lading
65 .
Bill of Lading, more facts
66 .
Certificate of Measurement
67 .
5 types of Shipping Bills
68 .
Why Shipping Bill for export in India?
69 .
Why Consular Invoice in International Trade?
70 .
Procedures to get Consular Invoice for Export Import
71 .
Significance of Commercial Invoice in International Trade
72 .
Importance of Commercial Invoice in Export and Import
73 .
When is Proforma Invoice generated?
74 .
Deemed Exporters in India
75 .
Does bank allows reduction of export invoice value?
76 .
Is change of buyer (consignee) allowed by bank in International trade
77 .
Bank guidelines for writing off of export bills in India
78 .
Direct dispatch of export documents to buyer
79 .
Advance payment for export, RBI guidelines
80 .
Can realization of export proceeds be in INR in India?
81 .
Amendment to Customs Drawback, new notification Feb 2016
82 .
Extending the Indian Customs Single Window to other locations
83 .
What are the measuring rods included in Transaction value of imported goods?
84 .
What is Rule 3(2) of the Customs Valuation (Determination of Value of Export Goods) Rules, 2007?
85 .
What is Rule 10 of Customs Valuation (Imports) explained?
86 .
What is Section 14(1) of Indian Customs Act, 1962?
87 .
Terms used in banking business such as Special Drawing Rights,Special Purpose Vehicle,Spyware,Speculation etc
88 .
Terms used in banking business such as Wholesale Price Index,Wire transfer,Yield to maturity,Zero Coupon Bonds etc
89 .
Terms used in banking business such as Unit trust,Universal Banking,Validation Proceedings, Value at Risk etc.
90 .
Terms used in banking business such Tax-Free Savings Account,Tax Avoidance, Tariff etc
91 .
Export Promotion Councils and Commodity Boards, product wise
92 .
Apparel Export Promotion Council
93 .
Wool and Woollens Export Promotion Council
94 .
Wool Industry Export Promotion Council
95 .
Tobacco Board
96 .
TEPC,Telecom Equipment and Services Export Promotion Council
97 .
JPDEPC,Jute Products Development and Export Promotion Council
98 .
Tea Board
99 .
SRTEPC,Synthetic and Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council
100 .
SQEPC,Sports Goods Export Promotion Council
101 .
Spices Board
102 .
SHEFEXIL,Shellac and Forest Products Export Promotion Council
103 .
SEPC,Services Export Promotion Council
104 .
Rubber Board
105 .
HEPC,Handloom Export Promotion Council
106 .
PEPC,Project Exports Promotion Council of India
107 .
Powerloom Development and Export Promotion Council
108 .
Plastics Export Promotion Council
109 .
Pharmaceuticals Export Promotion Council
110 .
Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA)
111 .
Indian Silk Export Promotion Council
112 .
Indian Oilseeds & Produce Export Promotion Council
113 .
GJEPC,Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council
114 .
FIEO,Federation of Indian Export Organization
115 .
Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts
116 .
Export Promotion Council for EOUs and SEZs
117 .
EPC,Electronics and Computer Software Export Promotion Council
118 .
EEPC INDIA,Formerly Engineering Export Promotion Council
119 .
Council for Leather Exports
120 .
Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council
121 .
Coir Board
122 .
Coffee Board
123 .
CDB,Coconut Development Board
124 .
Cashew Export Promotion Council of India
125 .
Carpet Export Promotion Council
126 .
CAPEXIL
127 .
CHEMEXCIL, Basic Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics EPC
128 .
APEDA
129 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under India Thailand FTA Early Harvest Scheme (EHS)
130 .
Who are authorized to issue COO under India South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
131 .
Authorities to issue Certificate of Origin under India Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)
132 .
Who are authorized to issue COO under SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement or SAPTA Preferential Trade Agreement
133 .
Authorities to issue Certificate of origin under India Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement(ISLFTA)
134 .
Offices to contact for Certificate of origin under India MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement
135 .
Office to contact for COO under India Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
136 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under India Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
137 .
How to get Certificate of origin under India Chile Preferential Trade Agreement
138 .
Authorized agencies to issue Certificate of origin under India ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement
139 .
Authorized offices to issue COO under India Afghanistan Preferential Trade Agreement
140 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under Global System of Trade Preferences (G S T P)
141 .
Authorized agencies to issue Certificate of Origin under Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
142 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Scheme?
143 .
Authorized agencies to issue Certificate of origin under SAFTA
144 .
GSP, a brief guide to exporters
145 .
How to get non preferential Certificate of Origin, state wise
146 .
All Foreign Trade Agreements of India
147 .
Preferential Trade Agreements of India
148 .
Free Trade Agreements of India
149 .
India - South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
150 .
India and ASIAN Trade Agreement
151 .
SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement or SAPTA
152 .
India Chile Preferential Trade Agreement
153 .
India MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement
154 .
India Afghanistan Preferential Trade Agreement
155 .
Global System of Trade Preferences (G S T P)
156 .
Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
157 .
India Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
158 .
India Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
159 .
India Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)
160 .
India Thailand FTA Early Harvest Scheme (EHS)
161 .
South Asian Free Trade Area Agreement (SAFTA)
162 .
India Sri Lanka FTA Agreement, ISLFTA
163 .
REVISED INDO-NEPAL TREATY OF TRADE
164 .
India Bhutan Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit
165 .
Validity period of DGFT Authorisation, Licence, Certificate, Authorisation, Permissions, and CCPs
166 .
EDI and on EDI ports, separate application to DGFT
167 .
How to get duplicate copies of Export Import Authorization
168 .
Preferential Trade Agreements in India
169 .
Address of government offices for Special Economic Zone
170 .
DGFT and its regional authorities with jurisdiction
171 .
Specimen format of LUT for DGFT
172 .
List of Towns of Export Excellence
173 .
LC payment under Duty credit scrip and Export Obligation
174 .
How to claim scrips from DGFT, if eBRC, EP copy of shipping bill lost?
175 .
How to get Certificate of Origin non preferential in West Bengal?
176 .
Is import of Cheque Books and Ticket Forms allowed in India?
177 .
Office to contact in Rajasthan for Certificates of origin non preferential
178 .
Is IEC compulsory for Exports and Imports in India?
179 .
How to get Certificate of Origin non preferential in Meghalaya?
180 .
How to get Certificate of Origin non preferential in Madhya Pradesh/Chatisgarh?
181 .
Office to contact in Jammu and Kashmir for Certificates of origin non preferential
182 .
Guidelines to close an EOU, EHTP or STP units part 1
183 .
How to execute Bank Guarantee or LUT with DGFT
184 .
Free Sale and Commerce Certificate used for Medical and Surgical purpose
185 .
Export Promotion Council (EPC) and Commodity Boards
186 .
List of items and their Crime Controlled ECCNs number, US Department
187 .
Conversion of EP copy of shipping bill from one Scheme to another
188 .
Certificates of Origin for Exports
189 .
Office to contact in Haryana for Certificates of origin non preferential
190 .
Office to contact in Assam for Certificates of origin non preferential
191 .
List of Agencies Authorized to issue Certificate of Origin (Preferential)
192 .
How to get Certificate of origin to export Tea
193 .
No authorization, No bond, security or ATA carnet for exhibits and samples
194 .
Electronic filing of import export documents, electronic exchange of documents, electronic payment and more
195 .
Functions, powers and duties of APEDA
196 .
Certificate from CITES to import or export
197 .
How to obtain Certificate of Food Safety and Standard Authority
198 .
No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Commodity board in import export
199 .
Permission from Atomic Energy department under export import trade
200 .
Animal Quarantine Certification for Export or Import
201 .
Certificate from wild life protection board to export import
202 .
Pre Shipment inspection Certification (PSI)
203 .
NOC from Drug controller to export and import
204 .
Permission from Department of Animal Husbandry and dairying
205 .
Penalization by re-exporting
206 .
Kimberly Process Certificate (KP certificate) to export rough diamonds
207 .
Import authorization from Foreign Trade office
208 .
Diamond Dollar Account (DDA)
209 .
Airline code starting prefix with
210 .
Risks Arising out of Foreign Laws under international business
211 .
Types of Insurance policies covered by Credit Guarantee Insurance Companies.
212 .
What are the credit risks covered and not covered under Standard Policies under Import and Exports
213 .
Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Risks in Export Import Trade
214 .
How to start an export import firm in India Part 3
215 .
Packing Credit, how important in Export business?
216 .
Difference between Documentary credit and Documentary Bill
217 .
HOW TO RESOLVE AND SETTLE DISPUTES UNDER IMPORTS AND EXPORTS?
218 .
How to settle dispute in International Business of Import and Export
219 .
Bill of Exchange - A brief tutorial
220 .
Export Under Claim of Rebate of Duty
221 .
OBJECTIVES OF CUSTOMS CONTROL for EXPORT GOODS
222 .
COMMON ERRORS IN DOCUMENTATION GUIDELINES TO EXPORTERS
223 .
PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHILE USING CONTAINERS FOR EXPORTS
224 .
ADVANTAGES OF USING CONTAINERS
225 .
RISKS NOT COVERED BY MARINE INSURANCE
226 .
TYPES OF MARINE INSURANCE POLICIES
227 .
How does First Appraisement system of import customs clearance procedures work?
228 .
What is Provisional Assessment in Import formalities in India?
229 .
What is second appraisement of import clearance procedures
230 .
What is self assessment in import customs clearance in India?
231 .
What is the Procedure for importing goods through Post offices in India
232 .
Difference between Purchase Order and Commercial Invoice
233 .
Difference between Letter of credit and Bank Guarantee
234 .
Difference between Purchase Order and Pro forma Invoice
235 .
8 parties involved in an LC Letter of Credit - LC
236 .
EEFC Account. Exchange Earners Foreign Currency Account
237 .
Airport name/Country of Airport/ Airport Code number
238 .
Beware of confusing airports worldwide
239 .
Spelling error in LC? Is wrong spelling a discrepancy under Letter of credit?
240 .
Airports with similar name in different countries.
241 .
Non receipt of Cargo Arrival Notice, Can importer sue against shipping company
242 .
Difference between Shipped on board and Received for shipment
243 .
Tips to exporters on Documentation
244 .
Any difference between Dry port and CFS.
245 .
Difference between DAP and DDP.
246 .
Difference between C&F C& I CIF
247 .
Difference between ex works and FOB
248 .
10 Tips to get export order - How to get Export order?
249 .
Difference between Deemed exporters/Project exporters/service exporters in India
250 .
Difference between merchant exporter and manufacturer exporter
251 .
Airline Name, Airline Code and AWB prefix (Airway bill Prefix)
252 .
A simple tutorial on high sea sale procedures and formalities in India
253 .
7 Major Documents required for import clearance under high sea sale
254 .
How to hide invoice value of original contract under high sea sale transactions
255 .
Can high sea sales possible under air shipment?
256 .
What is the difference between High sea sales and imports
257 .
How does STP units work in India?
258 .
Difference between bond execution and bond acceptance
259 .
What is Inter Unit Transfer (IUT) in STP
260 .
Re warehousing procedures under STP and EOU units.
261 .
What is CT3 form. How to get CT3. Why CT3 required
262 .
Advantages of a SEZ unit. Government benefits in India for a SEZ Unit.
263 .
Difference between port of discharge and port of delivery.
264 .
Any difference between DA and DP terms of payment
265 .
Are two shipments of different buyers permitted to put together to one country.
266 .
Can goods of different buyers to one country under one shipment be shipped?
267 .
What is the difference between BAF and CAF
268 .
Can two shipments under different schemes be under one BL/AWB to same buyer.
269 .
Can two shipments under different schemes be under one Airway bill?
270 .
Difference between DA and DP terms of payment
271 .
Difference between DDP and DDU terms of delivery
272 .
Can two shipments of different buyers of different place be shipped together to one location.
273 .
Difference between EP copy and EC copy of shipping bill
274 .
Difference between IGM and Bill of Entry
275 .
Difference between GSP date and BL date or shipment date
276 .
Master Collect House Prepaid Master collect House collect Master prepaid House prepaid Master prepaid House collect
277 .
How does a Running bond work?
278 .
What happens if Date difference in HBL and MBL
279 .
Is ON BOARD CERTIFICATE required for LC negotiation
280 .
Is THC same in all ports
281 .
CFS charges for export and Import - ICD charges for export and Import
282 .
Difference between exports and re-exports
283 .
Difference between mother vessel and feeder vessel
284 .
Export to India by courier
285 .
The term FCL. What does FCL mean
286 .
Difference between FCL and LCL
287 .
Difference between importer and Consignee
288 .
Difference between MBL and HBL. How does MBL work and How does HBL?
289 .
Difference between IHC and THC
290 .
What is IHC Inland Haulage Charges
291 .
What is THC - Terminal Handling Charges
292 .
Consol IGM manifest procedures
293 .
DO in exports Delivery Order in Export trade
294 .
Bank Release Order (BRO) in Imports
295 .
DO in import -Delivery Order in import
296 .
What is Crating in Exports and Imports
297 .
Why does Palletization require?
298 .
CTM Cargo Transfer Manifest
299 .
Procedures to file IGM (Import General Manifest)
300 .
POD Proof of Delivery How important in Imports
301 .
Procedures to claim brand rate of draw back
302 .
How many types of imports in India. Types of bills of Entry in India
303 .
How to customs clear Cargo arrived in a port where in import license obtained for another port
304 .
What is Fumigation in Export and Import
305 .
How to get RCMC from Export Promotion Councils
306 .
How to calculate chargeable weight under airfreight in exports?
307 .
How to calculate CBM in LCL export shipments:
308 .
What is Test Report in Import clearance?
309 .
The legal strength of Bill of Exchange in International Trade. What is Bill of Exchange in International Trade.
310 .
Why do carriers balance weight and volume while charging freight amount in Exports?
311 .
The Role of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
312 .
How and when to cancel Bank guarantee and bond.
313 .
What is Bank Guarantee to customs in Import
314 .
Mode of payments in international trade of Exports and Imports
315 .
What is Bond execution with customs in imports and exports
316 .
Documents required for import customs clearance
317 .
How to prepare an Export Packing list. Contents of Export Packing list
318 .
How to prepare an Export Invoice. Contents of Export commercial Invoice:
319 .
How to prepare Purchase order
320 .
Cargo Arrival Notice (CAN) Some facts.
321 .
Vessel sailing in export business
322 .
Exchange rate fluctuations in Exports
323 .
How many types of shipping bills in export
324 .
How to obtain GSP - Certificate of Origin?
325 .
The role of Export Inspection Agency in Pre-shipment Inspection & Quality Control
326 .
How to book empty container for factory/CFS/ICD/port stuffing
327 .
What are the legal documents in exports
328 .
Risks and solutions in export business
329 .
Export bills discounting formalities.
330 .
Register with Export Promotion Council
331 .
Documents for exports . Why does documentation require in Exports and Imports?
332 .
Documents against Acceptance How reliable the terms of payment in exports
333 .
Is DP terms of payment safe in export business?
334 .
How does Letter of Credit work?
335 .
How to send export samples to foreign buyer? Tips to send samples to foreign buyer
336 .
How to Choose a product for export business
337 .
How to overcome Negative thoughts in export business
338 .
Why prefer exports?

 
 
   
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