Articles under For Beginners

Difference between GSP and GSTP
  GSP AND GSTP   The strong feeling that it is necessary to accord some preferential treatment to promote the manufactured exports of the developing countries, some schemes of trade preference have been established. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)   The Generalised System of Preferences (GP) is a scheme designed by the UNCLAD to encourage exports of developing countries to developed countries. Under this scheme, developed Continue reading »
Policies Issued by ECGC
Policies Issued by ECGC ECGC issues a number of policies which cover commercial as well as political risk associated with export trade:   (a) Construction Works Policy : Construction Works Policy is the comprehensive policy covering credit risk faced by Indian contractors executing civil contracts abroad, The Policy is designed to protect the Contractor from 85% of the losses that may be sustained by him due to the following risks: Insolvency of the employer, when he i Continue reading »
Procedures for Online Generation of Shipping Bill
Procedures for Online Generation of Shipping Bill   Indian Customs EDI System can accept the documents from the trading partners in the Electronic Format. The documents can be prepared and submitted using either the Electronic Data interchange or Service Centre. Importers/Exporters and Customs House Agents who do not have access to the Internet can get their documents electronically prepared and submitted for further processing at the Service Centre. The data entered through Continue reading »
Role of Clearing and Forwarding Agents
Role of Clearing and Forwarding Agents:   Export-import procedures are very complex and time-consuming. Therefore, every exporter should avail the services of Clearing and Forwarding (C&F) agent who are expert and well versed with the customs and shipment procedures. For smooth and timely shipment of goods, the exporter must appoint a competent C&F agent who is able to, inter alia, provide the following services:   Essential Services: (a) Transportation of go Continue reading »
Procedure for Obtaining Marine Insurance Policy
Procedure for Obtaining Marine Insurance Policy     The following is the procedure for obtaining marine insurance policy: (a) Selecting the Insurance Company: General insurance business in India is the monopoly of General Insurance Corporation (GIC) of India and its four subsidiaries. However, if an exporter intends to insure with a foreign company, then prior permission of the RBI must be obtained.   (b) Deciding Appropriate Type of Policy: There are various Continue reading »
6 .
Features of Post-shipment Finance
7 .
Meaning of Export Finance
8 .
Post-shipment Procedure
9 .
Certificate of Measurement under exports
10 .
Certificate of export inspection
11 .
GR, Guaranteed Remittance
12 .
Significance of Bill of Lading for Importers
13 .
Importance of Export Pricing
14 .
Process to select International market
15 .
Selection of Products for Exports
16 .
Registration Process for Exports in India
17 .
Different categories of exporters
18 .
Advantages of Indirect Exporting
19 .
Methods of Exporting
20 .
INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION
21 .
Advantages of Air Transportation
22 .
DISADVANTAGES OF AIR TRANSPORTATION
23 .
Is transhipment permitted if Airway Bill is one
24 .
Right of Consigner on Airway Bill
25 .
Airway Bill Neither Document of Title nor Negotiable Document
26 .
CONTENTS OF AIRWAY BILL USED IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
27 .
Purposes of Airway Bill in Exports and Imports
28 .
Facilities available at Dry Port
29 .
Dry Port, what does it mean?
30 .
Freight Rate Structure under International trade
31 .
Types of ships
32 .
Voyage Charter under International Business
33 .
Tramp shipping in International Trade
34 .
Bulk cargo and General cargo for Exports
35 .
Central Excise Clearance for Exports in India
36 .
Quality Control and Pre-Shipment Inspection under International trade
37 .
Packing and Marking in Export Import
38 .
Letter of Credit process
39 .
Any fixed charges for Customs brokers?
40 .
Optional services of CHA in India
41 .
Essential services of Clearing and Forwarding Agents in India
42 .
ROLE OF CLEARING AND FORWARDING AGENTS IN INDIA
43 .
In process Quality Control under Quality inspection of export
44 .
Consignment wise pre inspection procedures under Export
45 .
WHEN AND WHY TO INSURE IN IMORT EXPORT TRADE
46 .
Parties to Marine Insurance
47 .
MEANING OF MARINE CARGO INSURANCE
48 .
Types of risks in International Trade
49 .
Line of Credit means under Import and Export
50 .
Post-shipment Credit in Foreign Currency
51 .
Advance Against Undrawn Balances under Export
52 .
Advance Against Export Bills
53 .
Negotiation of Export Documents under Letters of Credit
54 .
POST SHIPMENT FINANCE, MORE FACTS
55 .
PRE SHIPMENT FINANCE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE
56 .
Shipment on Consignment Basis under Import and Export
57 .
Revocable and Irrevocable Credit
58 .
Collection of Bill under Export Import Trade
59 .
Trade marks under Export Import Business
60 .
Bank Certificate of Payment under International Trade
61 .
Trust Receipt in Export Import Trade
62 .
Bill of Entry under Imports in India
63 .
Importance to the Shipping Company
64 .
Bill of Lading and Exporter
65 .
Who can lodge claim based on Bill of Lading
66 .
Bill of Lading, more facts
67 .
Certificate of Measurement
68 .
5 types of Shipping Bills
69 .
Why Shipping Bill for export in India?
70 .
Why Consular Invoice in International Trade?
71 .
Procedures to get Consular Invoice for Export Import
72 .
Significance of Commercial Invoice in International Trade
73 .
Importance of Commercial Invoice in Export and Import
74 .
When is Proforma Invoice generated?
75 .
Deemed Exporters in India
76 .
Does bank allows reduction of export invoice value?
77 .
Is change of buyer (consignee) allowed by bank in International trade
78 .
Bank guidelines for writing off of export bills in India
79 .
Direct dispatch of export documents to buyer
80 .
Advance payment for export, RBI guidelines
81 .
Can realization of export proceeds be in INR in India?
82 .
Amendment to Customs Drawback, new notification Feb 2016
83 .
Extending the Indian Customs Single Window to other locations
84 .
What are the measuring rods included in Transaction value of imported goods?
85 .
What is Rule 3(2) of the Customs Valuation (Determination of Value of Export Goods) Rules, 2007?
86 .
What is Rule 10 of Customs Valuation (Imports) explained?
87 .
What is Section 14(1) of Indian Customs Act, 1962?
88 .
Terms used in banking business such as Special Drawing Rights,Special Purpose Vehicle,Spyware,Speculation etc
89 .
Terms used in banking business such as Wholesale Price Index,Wire transfer,Yield to maturity,Zero Coupon Bonds etc
90 .
Terms used in banking business such as Unit trust,Universal Banking,Validation Proceedings, Value at Risk etc.
91 .
Terms used in banking business such Tax-Free Savings Account,Tax Avoidance, Tariff etc
92 .
Export Promotion Councils and Commodity Boards, product wise
93 .
Apparel Export Promotion Council
94 .
Wool and Woollens Export Promotion Council
95 .
Wool Industry Export Promotion Council
96 .
Tobacco Board
97 .
TEPC,Telecom Equipment and Services Export Promotion Council
98 .
JPDEPC,Jute Products Development and Export Promotion Council
99 .
Tea Board
100 .
SRTEPC,Synthetic and Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council
101 .
SQEPC,Sports Goods Export Promotion Council
102 .
Spices Board
103 .
SHEFEXIL,Shellac and Forest Products Export Promotion Council
104 .
SEPC,Services Export Promotion Council
105 .
Rubber Board
106 .
HEPC,Handloom Export Promotion Council
107 .
PEPC,Project Exports Promotion Council of India
108 .
Powerloom Development and Export Promotion Council
109 .
Plastics Export Promotion Council
110 .
Pharmaceuticals Export Promotion Council
111 .
Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA)
112 .
Indian Silk Export Promotion Council
113 .
Indian Oilseeds & Produce Export Promotion Council
114 .
GJEPC,Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council
115 .
FIEO,Federation of Indian Export Organization
116 .
Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts
117 .
Export Promotion Council for EOUs and SEZs
118 .
EPC,Electronics and Computer Software Export Promotion Council
119 .
EEPC INDIA,Formerly Engineering Export Promotion Council
120 .
Council for Leather Exports
121 .
Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council
122 .
Coir Board
123 .
Coffee Board
124 .
CDB,Coconut Development Board
125 .
Cashew Export Promotion Council of India
126 .
Carpet Export Promotion Council
127 .
CAPEXIL
128 .
CHEMEXCIL, Basic Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics EPC
129 .
APEDA
130 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under India Thailand FTA Early Harvest Scheme (EHS)
131 .
Who are authorized to issue COO under India South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
132 .
Authorities to issue Certificate of Origin under India Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)
133 .
Who are authorized to issue COO under SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement or SAPTA Preferential Trade Agreement
134 .
Authorities to issue Certificate of origin under India Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement(ISLFTA)
135 .
Offices to contact for Certificate of origin under India MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement
136 .
Office to contact for COO under India Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
137 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under India Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
138 .
How to get Certificate of origin under India Chile Preferential Trade Agreement
139 .
Authorized agencies to issue Certificate of origin under India ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement
140 .
Authorized offices to issue COO under India Afghanistan Preferential Trade Agreement
141 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under Global System of Trade Preferences (G S T P)
142 .
Authorized agencies to issue Certificate of Origin under Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
143 .
Who are authorized to issue Certificate of origin under Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Scheme?
144 .
Authorized agencies to issue Certificate of origin under SAFTA
145 .
GSP, a brief guide to exporters
146 .
How to get non preferential Certificate of Origin, state wise
147 .
All Foreign Trade Agreements of India
148 .
Preferential Trade Agreements of India
149 .
Free Trade Agreements of India
150 .
India - South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
151 .
India and ASIAN Trade Agreement
152 .
SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement or SAPTA
153 .
India Chile Preferential Trade Agreement
154 .
India MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement
155 .
India Afghanistan Preferential Trade Agreement
156 .
Global System of Trade Preferences (G S T P)
157 .
Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
158 .
India Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
159 .
India Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
160 .
India Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)
161 .
India Thailand FTA Early Harvest Scheme (EHS)
162 .
South Asian Free Trade Area Agreement (SAFTA)
163 .
India Sri Lanka FTA Agreement, ISLFTA
164 .
REVISED INDO-NEPAL TREATY OF TRADE
165 .
India Bhutan Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit
166 .
Validity period of DGFT Authorisation, Licence, Certificate, Authorisation, Permissions, and CCPs
167 .
EDI and on EDI ports, separate application to DGFT
168 .
How to get duplicate copies of Export Import Authorization
169 .
Preferential Trade Agreements in India
170 .
Address of government offices for Special Economic Zone
171 .
DGFT and its regional authorities with jurisdiction
172 .
Specimen format of LUT for DGFT
173 .
List of Towns of Export Excellence
174 .
LC payment under Duty credit scrip and Export Obligation
175 .
How to claim scrips from DGFT, if eBRC, EP copy of shipping bill lost?
176 .
How to get Certificate of Origin non preferential in West Bengal?
177 .
Is import of Cheque Books and Ticket Forms allowed in India?
178 .
Office to contact in Rajasthan for Certificates of origin non preferential
179 .
Is IEC compulsory for Exports and Imports in India?
180 .
How to get Certificate of Origin non preferential in Meghalaya?
181 .
How to get Certificate of Origin non preferential in Madhya Pradesh/Chatisgarh?
182 .
Office to contact in Jammu and Kashmir for Certificates of origin non preferential
183 .
Guidelines to close an EOU, EHTP or STP units part 1
184 .
How to execute Bank Guarantee or LUT with DGFT
185 .
Free Sale and Commerce Certificate used for Medical and Surgical purpose
186 .
Export Promotion Council (EPC) and Commodity Boards
187 .
List of items and their Crime Controlled ECCNs number, US Department
188 .
Conversion of EP copy of shipping bill from one Scheme to another
189 .
Certificates of Origin for Exports
190 .
Office to contact in Haryana for Certificates of origin non preferential
191 .
Office to contact in Assam for Certificates of origin non preferential
192 .
List of Agencies Authorized to issue Certificate of Origin (Preferential)
193 .
How to get Certificate of origin to export Tea
194 .
No authorization, No bond, security or ATA carnet for exhibits and samples
195 .
Electronic filing of import export documents, electronic exchange of documents, electronic payment and more
196 .
Functions, powers and duties of APEDA
197 .
Certificate from CITES to import or export
198 .
How to obtain Certificate of Food Safety and Standard Authority
199 .
No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Commodity board in import export
200 .
Permission from Atomic Energy department under export import trade
201 .
Animal Quarantine Certification for Export or Import
202 .
Certificate from wild life protection board to export import
203 .
Pre Shipment inspection Certification (PSI)
204 .
NOC from Drug controller to export and import
205 .
Permission from Department of Animal Husbandry and dairying
206 .
Penalization by re-exporting
207 .
Kimberly Process Certificate (KP certificate) to export rough diamonds
208 .
Import authorization from Foreign Trade office
209 .
Diamond Dollar Account (DDA)
210 .
Airline code starting prefix with
211 .
Risks Arising out of Foreign Laws under international business
212 .
Types of Insurance policies covered by Credit Guarantee Insurance Companies.
213 .
What are the credit risks covered and not covered under Standard Policies under Import and Exports
214 .
Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Risks in Export Import Trade
215 .
How to start an export import firm in India Part 3
216 .
Packing Credit, how important in Export business?
217 .
Difference between Documentary credit and Documentary Bill
218 .
HOW TO RESOLVE AND SETTLE DISPUTES UNDER IMPORTS AND EXPORTS?
219 .
How to settle dispute in International Business of Import and Export
220 .
Bill of Exchange - A brief tutorial
221 .
Export Under Claim of Rebate of Duty
222 .
OBJECTIVES OF CUSTOMS CONTROL for EXPORT GOODS
223 .
COMMON ERRORS IN DOCUMENTATION GUIDELINES TO EXPORTERS
224 .
PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHILE USING CONTAINERS FOR EXPORTS
225 .
ADVANTAGES OF USING CONTAINERS
226 .
RISKS NOT COVERED BY MARINE INSURANCE
227 .
TYPES OF MARINE INSURANCE POLICIES
228 .
How does First Appraisement system of import customs clearance procedures work?
229 .
What is Provisional Assessment in Import formalities in India?
230 .
What is second appraisement of import clearance procedures
231 .
What is self assessment in import customs clearance in India?
232 .
What is the Procedure for importing goods through Post offices in India
233 .
Difference between Purchase Order and Commercial Invoice
234 .
Difference between Letter of credit and Bank Guarantee
235 .
Difference between Purchase Order and Pro forma Invoice
236 .
8 parties involved in an LC Letter of Credit - LC
237 .
EEFC Account. Exchange Earners Foreign Currency Account
238 .
Airport name/Country of Airport/ Airport Code number
239 .
Beware of confusing airports worldwide
240 .
Spelling error in LC? Is wrong spelling a discrepancy under Letter of credit?
241 .
Airports with similar name in different countries.
242 .
Non receipt of Cargo Arrival Notice, Can importer sue against shipping company
243 .
Difference between Shipped on board and Received for shipment
244 .
Tips to exporters on Documentation
245 .
Any difference between Dry port and CFS.
246 .
Difference between DAP and DDP.
247 .
Difference between C&F C& I CIF
248 .
Difference between ex works and FOB
249 .
10 Tips to get export order - How to get Export order?
250 .
Difference between Deemed exporters/Project exporters/service exporters in India
251 .
Difference between merchant exporter and manufacturer exporter
252 .
Airline Name, Airline Code and AWB prefix (Airway bill Prefix)
253 .
A simple tutorial on high sea sale procedures and formalities in India
254 .
7 Major Documents required for import clearance under high sea sale
255 .
How to hide invoice value of original contract under high sea sale transactions
256 .
Can high sea sales possible under air shipment?
257 .
What is the difference between High sea sales and imports
258 .
How does STP units work in India?
259 .
Difference between bond execution and bond acceptance
260 .
What is Inter Unit Transfer (IUT) in STP
261 .
Re warehousing procedures under STP and EOU units.
262 .
What is CT3 form. How to get CT3. Why CT3 required
263 .
Advantages of a SEZ unit. Government benefits in India for a SEZ Unit.
264 .
Difference between port of discharge and port of delivery.
265 .
Any difference between DA and DP terms of payment
266 .
Are two shipments of different buyers permitted to put together to one country.
267 .
Can goods of different buyers to one country under one shipment be shipped?
268 .
What is the difference between BAF and CAF
269 .
Can two shipments under different schemes be under one BL/AWB to same buyer.
270 .
Can two shipments under different schemes be under one Airway bill?
271 .
Difference between DA and DP terms of payment
272 .
Difference between DDP and DDU terms of delivery
273 .
Can two shipments of different buyers of different place be shipped together to one location.
274 .
Difference between EP copy and EC copy of shipping bill
275 .
Difference between IGM and Bill of Entry
276 .
Difference between GSP date and BL date or shipment date
277 .
Master Collect House Prepaid Master collect House collect Master prepaid House prepaid Master prepaid House collect
278 .
How does a Running bond work?
279 .
What happens if Date difference in HBL and MBL
280 .
Is ON BOARD CERTIFICATE required for LC negotiation
281 .
Is THC same in all ports
282 .
CFS charges for export and Import - ICD charges for export and Import
283 .
Difference between exports and re-exports
284 .
Difference between mother vessel and feeder vessel
285 .
Export to India by courier
286 .
The term FCL. What does FCL mean
287 .
Difference between FCL and LCL
288 .
Difference between importer and Consignee
289 .
Difference between MBL and HBL. How does MBL work and How does HBL?
290 .
Difference between IHC and THC
291 .
What is IHC Inland Haulage Charges
292 .
What is THC - Terminal Handling Charges
293 .
Consol IGM manifest procedures
294 .
DO in exports Delivery Order in Export trade
295 .
Bank Release Order (BRO) in Imports
296 .
DO in import -Delivery Order in import
297 .
What is Crating in Exports and Imports
298 .
Why does Palletization require?
299 .
CTM Cargo Transfer Manifest
300 .
Procedures to file IGM (Import General Manifest)
301 .
POD Proof of Delivery How important in Imports
302 .
Procedures to claim brand rate of draw back
303 .
How many types of imports in India. Types of bills of Entry in India
304 .
How to customs clear Cargo arrived in a port where in import license obtained for another port
305 .
What is Fumigation in Export and Import
306 .
How to get RCMC from Export Promotion Councils
307 .
How to calculate chargeable weight under airfreight in exports?
308 .
How to calculate CBM in LCL export shipments:
309 .
What is Test Report in Import clearance?
310 .
The legal strength of Bill of Exchange in International Trade. What is Bill of Exchange in International Trade.
311 .
Why do carriers balance weight and volume while charging freight amount in Exports?
312 .
The Role of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
313 .
How and when to cancel Bank guarantee and bond.
314 .
What is Bank Guarantee to customs in Import
315 .
Mode of payments in international trade of Exports and Imports
316 .
What is Bond execution with customs in imports and exports
317 .
Documents required for import customs clearance
318 .
How to prepare an Export Packing list. Contents of Export Packing list
319 .
How to prepare an Export Invoice. Contents of Export commercial Invoice:
320 .
How to prepare Purchase order
321 .
Cargo Arrival Notice (CAN) Some facts.
322 .
Vessel sailing in export business
323 .
Exchange rate fluctuations in Exports
324 .
How many types of shipping bills in export
325 .
How to obtain GSP - Certificate of Origin?
326 .
The role of Export Inspection Agency in Pre-shipment Inspection & Quality Control
327 .
How to book empty container for factory/CFS/ICD/port stuffing
328 .
What are the legal documents in exports
329 .
Risks and solutions in export business
330 .
Export bills discounting formalities.
331 .
Register with Export Promotion Council
332 .
Documents for exports . Why does documentation require in Exports and Imports?
333 .
Documents against Acceptance How reliable the terms of payment in exports
334 .
Is DP terms of payment safe in export business?
335 .
How does Letter of Credit work?
336 .
How to send export samples to foreign buyer? Tips to send samples to foreign buyer
337 .
How to Choose a product for export business
338 .
How to overcome Negative thoughts in export business
339 .
Why prefer exports?

 
 
   
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