Difference between MAWB and HAWB

d CVD under GST regime

Import Goods attract IGST, CVD and Compensation Cess under GST regime

Integrated Tax Notification No. 10 of 2017 DT 13th October, 2017, GST

Integrated Tax Notification No. 9 of 2017 DT 13th October, 2017, GST

 The information provided here is part of Export import business Course online


How does MAWB work and How HAWB works.


In this article, let me explain about MAWB and HAWB, difference between HAWB and MAWB, how does MAWB work and how does HAWB work wtih simple examples.  Also  let us discuss about the documentation procedures under MAWB and HAWB in brief.

MAWB is Master airway bill issued by main carrier of goods on receipt of goods from a freight forwarder to deliver at destination as per agreed terms. HAWB means House airway bill issued by a freight forwarder on receipt of goods from shipper agreeing to deliver goods at destination.

Let us go widely  in to the above statements with a simple example. A, a freight forwarder acts as a carrier legally accepts cargo from an exporter X agreeing to deliver cargo to Y at New York. A issues Airway bill to X on receipt of goods after necessary export customs formalities. A after receiving goods from X transfers goods to C who is a main carrier of goods. While transferring goods to C, A obtains an airway bill from main carrier C agreeing to deliver cargo at New York. Here, the airway bill issued by A to X is called house airway bill and the air way bill issued by C to A is called Master airway bill.


How the goods are delivered in HAWB and MAWB transactions. Let us know the procedures under HAWB and MAWB.

A has their office counterpart at New York called B. C also has their counterpart in New York called D.  Once after arrival of goods at New York, D who represents on behalf of C delivers cargo to B who represents on behalf of A. B delivers goods to Y who is the consignee of X.

What is documentation procedures in HAWB and MAWB?

How HAWB and MAWB works. How shipper and consignee are mentioned in HAWB and MAWB. Let us take the same example. When receiving goods from exporter X, A as freight forwarder release House airway bill to X in his specified format. Here, the shipper is X and consignee is Y in the said House airway bill. The HAWB number and other related reference number is given by the freight forwarder on the House Airway Bill. All other information in Airway bill are mentioned based on the legal export shipping documents completed by exporter for customs clearance procedures. Once the cargo transferred to C as main carrier of goods, A obtain

Difference between MAWB and  HAWB

s Master Airway Bill from C. Here, in Master airway bill, Shipper becomes A and consignee becomes B who is the overseas counterpart of A who situates at port of destination at New York.

How goods are transferred to final consignee at destination in HAWB and MAWB transactions. What is the procedures at destination port under HAWB and MAWB procedures.


Once after arrival of goods at destination, B approaches D to take delivery of cargo. D issues delivery order after collecting necessary destination delivery charges if any. B in turn, issues delivery order to Y after collecting necessary destination delivery order charges if any.


In this artilce, I have explained about MAWB and HAWB, difference between HAWB and MAWB, how does MAWB work and how does HAWB work wtih simple examples.  Also  we have discussed about the documentation procedures under MAWB and HAWB in brief.  Hope  you like on the mechanism of HAWB and MAWB.    Although AWB can be issued prior to shipment, the goods under such airway bill are moved out from exportingn country only after completing necessary export customs formalities.   CTM documents are delivered by exporter or his customs broker after necessary export formalities at port of loading.


Do you wish to add more information about MAWB and HAWB?  I hope, most of you have experienced in handling HAWB and MAWB.  Share your experience below about HAWB vs MAWB.


Comment below your thoughts and share  your experience about this subject - MAWB vs HAWB.    



The above information is a part of Online international business guide course



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snajay: very simple and easy to understand..........thanks, understood it in one shot!!

tunde: Pls how do i track a shipment; my freight forwarder's site is doesn't have provision for tracking shipments? Thanks in anticipation for your prompt response.

admin: Please visit my category 'Track your cargo'

Sundar: Excellent delivery. No one can explain this topic that much simple. Hats off to the author :) Best Regards Sundar

Amjad: Very nicely explained Thanks!

Faheem Haider: nicely explained, thank you so much sir to give us this preciouse knowledge

Kalsariya Nilesh: nicely explain, but i want full detail from starting shipment inquiry from exporter and end complete procedure.

KRISHNAMURTHY: Nice explanation and easy to understand even to a new comer to this field.

genevieve alfeche: good, great xplanation.

genevieve alfeche: good, great xplanation.

Balvant Kulkarni: Excellent explaination with appropriate examples sir.

Sharad: In case the same freight forwarder, A, transfers goods of multiple exporters other than 'X' to the same shipping line 'C' for the same destination, then A will be issuing HAWB to each of the exporters separately, however, MAWB will be common for all the HAWBs. This implies that a single MAWB can contain multiple number of HAWB.

Javier Guido: Please share this articles to my e mail.

S.K. saini : Excellent explanation with appropriate examples sir. Regards S.K. Saini

Felipe: I understand that the freight forwarder at origin Invoices the agent in the destiny to collect the freight. Imaginining that in the freight declared at the HAWB has a profit margin for the agent at the destiny. Can the Invoice issued by the freight forwarder at origin be lower than the HAWB amout?

kunal: Thanks a Lot

Ranjeet Mane: Great.....! What an explanation truly practical oriented. Thank U very much.

shrilata: its gr8 article. I liked it. Thanks a lot!!

Vicky : At the outset, the article is very good and easy to understand even for the beginners. Question : Can a Custom Broker who is using the MAWB of an IATA Agent issue their own HAWB instead of the HAWB of the IATA agents for consolidation of cargo ?? Meaning the HAWB are made by the Custom Broker and are consolidated under the MAWB of an IATA agent.

Pratik: Nice article.

Shivam: Nice and simple ! Thanks

Arnold: Best article explaining the differences and mechanismes of HAWB and MAWB so far

MHD SALIH: The very best explanation about this topic for easy to understand...thanks


Sos Manuel: This is a very good article, especially for beginners that is not working in Logistics but part of the Supply Chain Management family.

Ameya: Thanks especially for the explanation through the illustration.That made the concept more crystal clear.

Ashwini Pawar Kale: Very nice article. Excellent for beginners. Thank you for sharing.

Phoebe: Simple explanation with simple examples. Best one by far.

Gaurav Arora: Very nice site with lot of information in order to enhance once knowledge.

kate: such a simple and usefull stuff to enter into the skull..thanks a lot for ur elabration..

Ivy Lo: Thank you very much for the explanation and sharing.

Rakesh: Well explained. Thanks for article.

Mandy: Hello Could you please let me know where I can find the page for Peaches and Screams UK affiliate scheme. It is not on Google or at least I cannot find it :( Many thanks Mandy

Biruk Kumssa: here have mentioned very important information's

kelbessai Coedma: I need International airfreight forwarder and MAWB and HAWB to Israel and from Israel to Uk and USA

Aditya P: Very useful info, thanks

Essam: Very useful thank you. Would be great to also add to this article (or another dedicated one) the special cases where no FF is involved in the transport (direct shipment) and hence no HAWB is issued.

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