Difference between FCL and LCL


The information provided here is part of Import Export Training online

 Difference between LCL and FCL


FCL and LCL are two of common terms used in shipping under  Export and Import  trade of International business.


What does the term LCL mean?.  How does FCL  work?  What is the difference between LCL and FCL?


FCL means Full Container Load  and LCL means Less Container Load.

What is FCL?


If an exporter has goods to accommodate in one full container load, he books an FCL Difference between LCL and FCL copy (Full Container Load) to stuff his cargo. In an FCL cargo, the complete goods in the said container owns by one shipper. In an FCL owned by one shipper, the cargo in the container need not have fully loaded cargo in the container. Let the cargo be half loaded or quarter loaded container, if booked by one shipper under one shipment, the said shipment is called FCL shipment.

What is LCL?

Under an LCL cargo, where in a shipper does not have enough goods to accommodate in one full container, he books cargo with a consolidator to console his goods along with goods of other shippers. This type of shipment is called LCL shipment. The said consolidator arranges a fully loaded container (FCL), and consoles the shipments of other shippers and deliver each shipment to final destination by separating each shipment at final destination. Also read 5 Tips to exporters while booking LCL shipments with a Freight Forwarder    How to calculate CBM in LCL export shipments:


Would you like to share more thoughts on FCL and LCL


How to export goods from India?

Export benefit schemes in India

Export procedures and documentation

How to get Export Order?

Know HTS code (HS code) of your product

How to import goods to India?

Find ITC code of your product

Indian Budget 2016-17, Duty changes in Excise, Customs and ST

Export benefit schemes from Export Promotion Councils


The above information is a part of Export Import Training online

Write below your comments on LCL and FCL.


Other posts about Import Export online tutorial

Difference between IHC and THC

 Difference between MAWB and HAWB

 Do pro- forma invoice accepts for import customs clearance?

 Difference between MBL and HBL. How MBL works and How HBL works

 Difference between ‘vessel name’ and ‘voyage number’

 Difference between NVOCC and Freight Forwarder

 Transshipment - A redefinition

 What is IHC – Inland Haulage Charges

 How to start Export Business?

How to get Export Orders?

What are the risks and solutions in Export Business?

Click here to know India Trade Classification(ITC)

Click here to know HS code of other product/commodity

Service Tax - Click here to read complete notification under Budget 2014

What is Bank post shipment credit to exporters?

Types of export containers
Measurement of export containers
Exim Policy of India 2015-20
MEIS, Merchandise Exports from India Scheme
SEIS, Service Exports from India Scheme
Merge your Commercial Invoice and Packing List for all your future exports
Export procedures and documentation
How is packing credit/pre shipment finance be liquidated?   
Bank Pre shipment Finance to exporters

What is crystallization of export bills? How does delinking of export bills work?                  
Types of Insurance Documents
 Is Airway bill a documents of title?
Is Customs House Agents (CHA ) required to be appointed mandatory?
 How many types of shipping bills in export
 How to add Line number in Import General Manifest in Custom in India
 How to amend AWB number in Import General Manifest (IGM)
 What happens if your buyer rejects cargo? What are the major problems if consignee not taken delivery of cargo?
Triangular shipment
Types of Insurance Documents



milind c: which noc required for various import.

Banky: Thanks. Exactly what I was looking for. Just new in the export business.

SHIVAJI MANE: We need to ship one FCL and another small cargo in LCL of same customer on same vessel. Now is is possible to obtain ONE single Bill of Lading for this shipment from Shipping Line. Kindly advise.

nilesh chanchad: We need to know that if we are bringing two 40'OT container from one shipper. 1X40'OT container with one B/L as ATA carnet part shipment. second 40'OT/OH container gets part shipment of previous container which is again on ATA carnet condition + second B/L with customer name as sold machine duty paid in same container. Can we move both container at our exhibition after customer procedure without destuffing at port ?? Is this mix considered as LCL cargo even they are not different shipper material ?? Material in this mix container is from same shipper but one sold to customer so duty paid by customer and second for ATA carnet condition for exhibition display purpose. Is it necessary that mix container need to have seprate case packin

KEHYAR MERRIKH: Thank you, I got it.

kamesh : Hai to everyone , Can any one explain me actually how consolidator works in terms of below doubts 1. they Own their Own container 2. if it so howthey get back the empty container to their warehouse again 3. Each Shipper want their cargo to on board date will be differ how that they convince ,

wishvantha: Hai to everyone can one explain me actually what is the FOB ?

Mohamad Smi Seliem: Great , thanks .


Vijaydhanush Enterprises : I want to export eyeglasses to the US and hold a valid IEC. Please let me know what other documents do I need in order to ship my products to the US. Someone told me that 3 years ITR/ IEC and AD Code is all I need. How can I obtain AD Code ? and how long does it take ?

sunil dalal: Myself Sunil Dalal, working with a Freight Forwarding company. I am regular to your website whenever have any query or wants to readout in my free time about EXIM procedures Here also i have a query. please help me. QUERY : one shipper asked me to release two bl against one single container. it was required to fulfill his LC terms shipper , cnee pod , fpod all were same. just different inv nos and diff shipping bill nos. So in this case what should be the bl terms to be shown on OBL. It should be : FCL/FCL or LCL/FCL I discussed with a few peoples on it but they could not satisfied me with their comment. Please educate me in this matter

Khalid Faqiri : What is FO stand for?


ajay kumar : Who gives container number and seal number in case of FCL shipment and how?

Santhosh Kumar: Hi, we are the freight forwarders, you can do LCL and FCL in our company. Contact Me: 9840966190

lyne siro: Freight On Board" is a shipping term used in retail to indicate who is responsible for paying transportation charges. It is the location where ownership of the merchandise transfers from seller to a buyer. The seller pays the freight, and the buyer takes the title once it's been shipped. The buyer pays the transportation costs from the warehouse or vendor to store.

lyne siro: hi wishvantha. FOB means Free on Board/ Freight on Board.


Discussion Forum

You can also share your thoughts about this article.
Any one can answer on question posted by Readers