How to calculate CBM in LCL export shipments:

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How to calculate CBM in LCL export shipments

Method of calculation of CBM under LCL shipment


In this article let us learn Calculation of CBM under LCL sea shipment. Why to measure LCL shipment? How to calculate volume of cargo under sea LCL shipment? What is the importance of calculation of volume of cargo under LCL shipment?


Calculating volume of cargo is a common subject for all exporters and other shipping related companies. If cargo is Full Container Load (FCL), the freight charge is for full container load basis. But if the cargo is a Less Container Load (LCL), normally a freight forwarder charges freight on the basis of volume of cargo. A freight forwarder charges freight on the basis of CBM.


How to calculate CBM in LCL export shipments copy

The method of calculation of volume of cargo under sea LCL shipment


CBM means Cubic Meter. However, the total weight of cargo should not exceed 1 ton. That means, if the cargo weight is above 1000kgs, the volume of cargo is treated on the basis of weight. In short, freight forwarders charges LCL rate on the basis of ‘per CBM’ or per weight of 1000kgs (1 ton) which ever is higher. CBM – cubic meter is calculated by multiplying length, width and height of packages of goods. For example, if the length, height and width of a cargo is 2.3 meters, 1.4meters and 2 meters respectively, the volume of cargo is 2.3 X 1.4 X 2.00 = 6.44 CBM. If you have the measurement in inches or centimeters, first you need to convert in meters and then calculate CBM which will be easier for you. If freight forwarder quote a rate of USD 10.00 per CBM, the rate will be 6.44 CBM X USD 10.00 per CBM = USD 64.40.


If the weight of the said package is 7 tons (7000kgs), the freight on LCL is calculated on the basis of weight. That is, 7 tons X USD 10.00 = USD 70.00. So, weight of 1 ton (1000kgs) is treated as 1cbm. In other words, the LCL freight is calculated on the volume of 1 CBM or weight of 1 ton (1000kgs) which ever is higher. 


Also read - Why do carriers balance weight and volume while charging freight amount in Exports?

How to calculate chargeable weight for airfreight in exports? How to calculate weight for airfreight.


I hope, I could explain about calculation of volume of LCL cargo in easy method.


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SHANTI: good explaination and very useful. like very much for the efforts taken for the trade

SIVASAMY: Dear Sir, How is calculate the CBM in Feet? Please give me formula. Best REgards,Sivasamy.

Aditya: Your blog is fantastic for someone learning to import from China. Really appreciate the detail you have explained here. Thank You and keep up the good work.

Sai Electronics pvt ltd: I would like your company to forward my Goods from your warehouse to direct at Entebbe International Airport-Kampala Uganda. They are 4 pallets with DIMS: 4x70x35x100 cms weight 250kg of each pallet of Laptops Computers and 1000 Kilograms all together Each Pallet is 35Centimetre width and 70CentimetrLengith. And you will shipping all laptops without batteries because I will buy all batteries here already this case solved by supplier.The height for Each pallet is 1metre please provide us with a quotation for sending the goods to Entebbe International Airport in Uganda.The goods will be delivered to your warehouse by our supplier so please calculate the costs for shipping the goods from your warehouse to direct Entebbe International Airport in Uganda.

Mohan: Dear sir, who will issue this certificate and which documents they required.


Moinul: Dear Respected Sir pls help me to calculate my goods 12 Carton 150 Kgs Size of Ctn 25" Length 17" Width 19" Height Waiting your early feedback. Regards Moinul

Robert Diago: how can we calculate CBM without knowing the dims

Molefe: Hello, i need help in exporting 3.8m by 1.7m by 0.5m package of weight 750kg to Gaborone, Botswana from Yangdai city, china. Can you help with exporting costs

PRASHANT JOSEPH : Please tell me how many size in container in world how to calculate them.

Prodosh Chatterjee : I intend to export above items for that how to get buyer, any customs subsidy to get, or initial requirement of documentation, small quantity (LCL) shipment acceptable or not please advice

AVINASH: 3.79 x 2.54 x 2.46 feet=8 box -3 x 2.83 x 2 feet =9box 2.83 x 2.41 x 1.91feet =4 box 2.5 x 2.5 x 1.20feet = 2 b 2.16 x 2.16 x 1.08feet =1 box THIS MAETERIAL 20FEET CONTAINER YA 40 FEET CNTAINER

suresh kumar : This is S.K. Suresh Kumar Merchant exporter of Green Cardamom from Tamilnadu. I am a reader of your website: How to export I am a beginner of Export field. I was studied many articles and learnt morethings about export from your website only. This is really very helpful all exporter and importers. Now i have a doubt. Pl kindly clarify this doubt. This is my humble request. 1) When i want to purchase cardamom from my suppliers in Tamilnadu & Kerala. Few of suppliers are asking my buyers Purchase order for exemption of Tax. Some other suppliers are asking to submit H form along with bill of lading documents for tax exemption 2) Some suppliers purposely want to know the buyers address and all. If i give all documents to them my business secracy will be out. In this situation how to i prevent my Business Secrets from them? same time i want to business with them 3) I have registered CST and TIN Number in my own Company name as Sree Agathiyar Exports. My Question is If i purchase the goods in my CST number from supplier, am i eligible to claim tax exemption directly with sale tax department? This is correct or not. (My intention is i don't want to show my business secrets with suppliers. As you know that if i show my buyers address to suppliers, what will happen in future !!!!!) 4) Who will issue the H form? Whether buyer or Commercial Sales tax department? 5) For shipment purpose, which format we have to use for Transporting Export goods from Godown to Tuticorin Port trust.

Sathish Prabu : This is Sathish. I am planning to Start a Business related to import and export. Can you please guide me?

Muhammed aslam: Astonishing explanations...I really fascinated by this..highly usefull and easily understandable..


azhar: during my search for export related finance products, i found site....which is an excellent source of information and in very easy to understand language. Great work!

udaya: sir i am tamilnadu how to get export order pls tell me sir

jeevankumarpatil: 36.36cbm cargo is coming we want to know how many meters length x width x height of shipment cargo?

Jadish Bhatia: Dear Sir, I am regular visiter of your site. It is too good. Thanks and regards. Bhatia

Sharat Chand: I propose to export 20 boxes of solar cookers each containing 20 units. The total volume of the consignment is estimated to be 5 CBM. The total weight is less that 400 kg. At the rate quoted at $10 per CBM, it comes to 50 USD. Is it correct. A calculator for CBM shows much higher CBM. How to reconcile? Also, What is the proposed rate of GST for solar cookers?

sanjeev kumar: good

Maureen: Please assist with LCL calculations

Punit Chaubey : Help

PRATIK Valia: I am moving to Canada , so need to understand sending all of my household things to Canada. Require help

Bincy: 18.3 cbm consider as LCL shipment or FCL shipment?

Sarah: Hi, My order is as below: 4 pal, 100x54x103cm, gross weight of each: 101 kg 1 pal, 101x70x185cm, gross weight: 106 kg but the pallets are non stackable. So, the freight company want to charge me as 6.3cbm instead of 3.53 cmb since the pallets are not stackable. Could you please help me how they caluclated and have 6.3cmb? Regards Sarah

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