Difference between DDU and DAP

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 The information provided here is part of Export Import Training online

How to differentiate  between DAP and DDU under Inco terms?


One of the most common doubts among terms of delivery under Inco Terms is about DDU Vs. DAP.

Is there any difference between DDU and DAP terms? What is DAP terms? How does DDU term work?  How to differentiate DAP with DDU?  A confusion on terms of delivery DDU and DAP may arise among some of the traders in business industry.


DDU and DAP terms are two of  delivery terms used in business, especially in international trade.  Let us discuss about DDU terms.   How does DDU term work?

DDU term has been being used under   International Commercial Terms 2000 guidedDifference between DDU and DAP line by International Chamber of Commerce.  DDU means, Delivered Duty Unpaid (followed by a destination name).  For example, DDU Bangalore  means, the seller needs to deliver goods to the buyer up to the destination (Bangalore)  mentioned in contract.   Bangalore is a place in India about 350 kilo meters away from Chennai Sea port.  Under DDU terms, the seller’s obligation is to deliver goods to buyer up to Bangalore.  As mentioned under DDU terms, the duty and taxes at importing country has to be met by the buyer (importer).  All other expenses of carriage, insurance, customs clearance, and other expenses up to the place (Bangalore) need to be spent by the seller of goods.  You can also read DDU terms in details in this website.

When revising the terms of delivery in Inco Terms 2010, the said DDU terms has been omitted and introduced a new term called DAP.

What is DAP terms?

DAP means Delivered At Place (followed with a destination name).   For example DAP Bangalore.   DAP Bangalore means, all responsibilities with costs except duty and taxes and customs clearance at importing country to deliver goods to buyer at the destination place (‘Bangalore’ in this example) is vested with the seller.   Means, under  DAP terms, the responsibility to meet  customs clearance with duty and taxes at importing country  is with the buyer.

In a nutshell, DDU has been omitted in Inco terms 2010 by introducing DAP terms by covering almost all functions of DDU.   Although the term DDU has been omitted in Inco terms 2010, the said DDU term can be used under delivery terms in business transactions.  However, the traders need to mention the delivery terms in sale contract as ‘as per Inco terms 2000’ in such business contract document. (Thanks to Jaanaka who helped to correct an error in this article on 10th March,2014)


I hope, I could clarify the difference between DAP and DDU.

Detailed articles about Inco Terms of Delivery under export and import of International business  have been mentioned in  separate category – INCO TERMS – in this web site.  You can click here to read.


 Do you have different thoughts on DDU and DAP?


Discuss below your experience and thoughts on DAP Vs. DDU.






The above information is a part of Import Export online Training

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bahrami: Dear sirs thanks for apply to us meaning of DDU and DAP. May i kindly request ,whether DAP term has been substituted to DDU,and we should not use this term(DDU)forever. awaiting your prompt reply to my email please donot hesitate to contact my email if you donot understand my question. best regards bahrami.

surendran: The characteristics of DAP and DDU are almost similar. As mentioned in the article, both DDU and DAP can be used. However, you need to specifically mention in contract that terms of delivery is 'DDU as per Incoterms 2000' or 'DAP as per Incoterms 2010'.

manikandan chinnadorai: very use ful website

Vikas Gola: yes very useful website and i found what am searching for..


jaanaka: PLease interchange the seller and buyer: DAP Bangalore means, all responsibilities with costs except duty and taxes at importing country to deliver goods to seller at the destination place (‘Bangalore’ in this example) is vested with the buyer.

Surendran Kollerath: Hi Jaanaka, Thank you for pointing out this error. Thanks once again for your support to this web site.

Bala: Excellent news and guidelines by the author on aspects of export.Especially starters.

scaxcZz: good information

ramanujan: verry good

milind bhandakkar: Can raw material imported for production of finished goods be considered for High Sea Sales, if value of such imported raw material is clearly identified in the order/ contract signed between saler & buyer.

Crystal: If an Importer buys good from a supplier where DAP/DDU terms are used, does the Importer still have to file an ISF?

Bala Madhu : What are the taxes pay the importors

HITESH BHATT: dear sir, i need your advise pls, give me details process regarding how to get IEC ? and what kind of documents required for iec ? and is it necessary to get EPCG OR MEIS with iec ? and i i will take individually this code and certificate or any firm, company or llp required to establish for this iec code? pls, give me advise thanks

Asawanee: So For DAP custom clearance in import country will pay by buyer right?

Becky: One more difference between DAP and DDU is that DAP was intended not only to replace DDU but also, DES and DAF. Therefore, an exporter may use DAP with a named port and not be responsible for terminal charges or inland freight.

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