Bank process on Import factoring, import of precious metals, silver, platinum to India

Import of Precious metals, silver, platinum - Bank formalities in India

Bank process on Import Factoring


According to Reserve Bank of India update as on 31st May, 2022, the directions on Bank process on Import factoring, import of precious metals, silver, platinum to India  is given below: 

C.12. Import of Other Precious Metals

C.12.1. Import of Platinum/ Palladium/ Rhodium/ Silver/ Rough, Cut & Polished Diamonds/ Precious and Semi-precious Stones.

(a) Suppliers’ and Buyers’ Credit, including the usance period of Letters of Credit opened for import of Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium and Silver and rough, cut and polished Diamonds, Precious and semi-precious stones; should not exceed 90 days from the date of shipment.

However for Clean Credit i.e. credit given by a foreign supplier to its Indian customer/ buyer, without any Letter of Credit (Suppliers’ Credit)/ Letter of Undertaking (Buyers’ Credit)/ Fixed Deposits from any Indian financial institution for import of rough, cut and polished diamonds, precious and semi-precious stones, may be permitted for a period not exceeding 180 days from the date of shipment.  Further, AD banks may allow extension of time in respect of such clean credit for import of rough, cut and polished diamonds, for a period exceeding 180 days from the date of shipment to a maximum period of 180 days beyond the prescribed period/ due date beyond which they may refer the cases to the respective Regional Office of the Reserve Bank. Such extension by AD banks may be subject to the conditions such as: (i) AD banks being satisfied of the genuineness of the reason and bonafides of the transaction and also that no interest payment is involved for the additional period; (ii) reasons for such extension are due to financial difficulties and/ or quality disputes; (iii) importer is not under investigation and is not a frequent offender. AD banks may submit a half yearly report of such extensions allowed customer-wise, to the respective Regional Office of the Reserve Bank.

(b) AD Category – I banks should ensure that due diligence is undertaken and Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) guidelines, issued by the Reserve Bank are adhered to while undertaking import of the precious metals and rough, cut and polished diamonds. Further, any large or abnormal increase in the volume of business should be closely examined to ensure that the transactions are bonafide and are not intended for interest / currency arbitrage.

C.12.2. Import of Platinum / Silver on Unfixed Price Basis

The nominated agency/bank may allow import of platinum and silver, on outright purchase basis subject to the condition that although ownership of the same shall be passed on to the importers at the time of import itself, the price shall be fixed later as and when the importer sells to the user.

C.13. Import Factoring

(i) AD Category – I bank may enter into arrangements with international factoring companies of repute, preferably members of Factors Chain International, without the approval of Reserve Bank.

(ii) They will have to ensure compliance with the extant foreign exchange directions relating to imports, Foreign Trade Policy in force and any other guidelines/directives issued by Reserve Bank in this regard.

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