Registration Process for Exports in India

Registration Formalities for Exports:

An exporter is required to register his organisation with a number of institutions and authorities, which directly or indirectly help him in the smooth conduct of export trade. Some of the authorities with which exporter has to register his organisation are:

(a) Registration of Organisation: Exporters have to register the types of organisation selected by them under the appropriate Act of the country for undertaking their export operations, viz.,:

A joint stock company under the Companies Act, 1956.

A partnership firm under the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.

A sole trader should seek permission from the local authorities, as required.


(b) Opening Bank Account: Exporters are required to open a current account in the name of their firms or companies with a commercial bank which is authorised by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to deal in foreign currency transactions. All financial transactions of the exporter organisation are routed through this account. Such bank also serves as a source of pre-shipment and post-shipment finance for the exporters.

(c) Obtaining Importer-Exporter Code Number (IEC No.): Prior to .1.199711i was obligatory for every exporter to obtain Exporter's Code Number (CNX) number from the RBI. However, since then, the CNX number has been replaced by Importer Exporter Code (IEC) number issued by the Direct General for Foreign Trade (DGFT). The application form for obtaining IEC number should be accompanied by fee of Rs. 1000.

(d) Obtaining Permanent Account Number (PAN): Export income is subject to a number of exemptions and deductions under different sections of the Income Tax Act. For claiming these exemptions and deductions, exporters are required to register their organisation with the Income Tax Authorities and obtain the Permanent Account Number (PAN). PAN is also necessary for obtaining IEC number.

(e) Registration with GST: Goods manufactured for export purpose as well as those purchased from local market for export purpose are completely exempted from Value Added Tax and Central Sales Tax, provided exporter or his firm is registered with the Value Added Tax authority of the state concerned and obtains exemption as per the procedure laid down in the concerned Acts. GST registration is required to be completed by every exporter with effect from appointed date fixed by government of India by 2017.

(f) Registration with Export Promotion Council (EPC): It is obligatory for every exporter to register with appropriate Export Promotion Council (EPC) and obtain the Registration-cum-Membership Certificate' (RCMC). At present, there are 21 EPCs dealing with various commodities. The benefits extended to exporters under the new Foreign Trade Policy 2009-2014 are extended only to the registered exporters having valid RCMC.

(g) Registration with Export Credit and Guarantee Corporation of India (ECGC): Exporters are exposed to commercial as well as political risks in the international market. Therefore, in order to protect themselves against such risks it is necessary for exporters to get themselves registered with the ECGC. ECGC also helps exporters in obtaining financial assistance from commercial banks and other financial institutions.

(h) Registration with other Authorities: Exporters are also required to register with a number of other authorities and institutions such as:

Federation of Indian Export Organisation (FIFO),

Indian Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO),

Chambers of Commerce (COC),

Productivity Councils, etc.


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The role of CBEC - Central Board of Excise and Customs in India.
The role of Export Inspection Agency in Pre-shipment Inspection & Quality Control
The role of Reserve Bank of India
The Role of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
Negotiation procedures and formalities of export bills
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Payment procedures in Triangular exports
Who is Stevedores
Who receives the amount of auctioned / resold imported unclaimed/un-cleared goods?
Why demurrage/detention waiver period is required at destination for import
Why do carriers balance weight and volume while charging freight amount in Exports?
Why does Palletization require?
Why labeling and marking in Export business?
The term FCL. What is FCL means
The term LCL. What does LCL mean?
Tips to exporters on Documentation
How does First Appraisement system of import customs clearance procedures work?
How does Letter of Credit work?
How does STP units work in India?
How does TT (Telegraphic Transfer) work?
Transferability of Bill of Lading
Transhipment - A redefinition
Travelers to India under import duty exemption, Frequently Asked Questions Part 2
Triangular shipment
Types of Insurance Documents.
How does Wire transfer work in international business?


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saravanan: all millet exports

Rahul jain : Want to register in ECGC


Munira Poonawala: need a new product line to exports

swetha agarwal: We are manufacturer of chips and kurkure (snacks) in Siliguri to fry those we need palm oilen I need to ask you that can manufacture import directly from foreign countries in flexi bag in India. If yes that what's the process can you please help me.Waiting for your reply

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ketan : I Have Graduated in BBA (Finance) And After I Was Working in Private Limited Company at The Post of Accountant. I Have Interest in Import Export Business, When I Free of After Job I Reading Your Blog Daily I Have Interest in Merchant Exporter and Also, I Have Research for It. Kindly Please Give Me Suggestions of In (What Is Process of Starting Export Business to Customer Acquire and Quote of Product, Custom Clearing and Certificate of Our Product, L.C , RCMC , APEDA , ECGC , Procedure of first time export )

vardharajan: With due respect ! I would like to start a company to export spices to other countries from India . I need your expert advice in setting up the company and related procedures to guide us through the process. Please let me know your available to time to discuss on the above. Provide your contact details. Note : currently Iam residing in Nederland and iam an employee in an organization.

prakash: wanted to know in more details how to operate trading business in India. Eg: How to work on GST How to operate bank account for foreign fund transfer. How to work on Tax refund . It would be good if you can provide me with necessary guide lines to do smooth, non loss business in India.

sagar: I have been following your blog for quite some time since I decided to pursue an export business. I really want to thank you for the valuable information that you provide on your blog . It would be really great if you could help me out in resolving some doubts. 1. What is the sequence of documents among B/L, Commercial Invoice, Packing List, Purchase Order . What has to be prepared first and given first to proceed with the next one. And what software do you recommend to make documents like Packing List 2. I have been checking with duties on icegate and indiantradeportal, but have got a little confused, as I can see Chinese apples as freely importable on indiantradeportal. 3. Finally, how to get exemption in import duty and where to check if there are any exemptions on import duty that can help us in reducing costs of high duty items

mohammed: Its my pleasure writing to you. I have been following your blogs form some time and I appreciate your efforts in sharing your experience and knowledge to others who are in need. I am doing domestic business based out of Bangalore. I got some export orders and planning to start export business. I am looking for a consultant to start off this business and would like to know, if you can help me out in this regard. I would also like to know the scope of work as a consultant you would take up and your charges for the same.

rajasekhar: i frequently visit your website "How to Export Import " i am a MBA finance graduate willing to start agriculture produce export business, i request your mentoring to enhance export management skills and further into export finance and merchant exporting. We would be honored if you would like to share your experience and consider us worth your time, if possible we may combine to explore business opportunity available overseas. We are a firm into agri business (yet to register) formed by group of producers/manufacturers of agriculture produce. We have good contact and in terms with Farmers/Producers/Manufactures to supply fruits and staples across karnataka, and country . Fruits - pomegranate, lemon, banana, chikkoo (sapodilla), raisin and Staples - rice and sugar, jaggery, peanut/groundnut, tur dhal and other pulses. prior we were sourcing business locally now considering opportunities across state and country. Looking forward to hear from you as soon as possible, we eagerly await your response

Nisha Sharma: Can you help us to Register with ECGC as we are getting an error while signing up

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