Export Pricing Strategies

Export Pricing Strategies

Export Pricing StrategiesPricing strategy may be defined as the strategy adopted by exporters with respect to the pricing of goods while marketing them to the ultimate consumer. An exporter may charge a uniform price in different markets of the world or he may practise price discrimination taking into consideration the situations prevailing in different markets. Various pricing strategies used in the international market are:

(a) Skimming Pricing Strategy: A pricing strategy in which exporter charges a very high price initially in order to recover the cost incurred on high promotional expenditure, research and development, etc., is known as skimming pricing strategy. After exploiting the rich market, the exporter can gradually decrease the price in order to increase his market share.

(b) Penetration Pricing Strategy: A pricing strategy in which an exporter I charges a very low price initially in order to get hold of the market and drive away competitors is known as penetration pricing strategy. Sometimes, such strategy is referred to as dumping. This strategy is suitable for the items of mass consumption.

(c) Transfer Pricing: Transfer pricing refers to the pricing of goods transferred from one subsidiary to another or to the parent Company. Due to this, profits of one subsidiary are transferred to another subsidiary or to the parent company. Transfer pricing decisions are affected by factors such as differences in tax and tariff rates, foreign exchange restrictions and import restrictions.

d) Marginal Cost Pricing: Marginal cost is the cost of producing one extra unit of a product. Under this approach, an exporter simply considers variable costs or direct costs while arriving at the price to be charged in the international market and fixed costs are fully recovered from the domestic market.

(e) Market Oriented Pricing: This is a very flexible method of arriving at a price as it takes into consideration the changing market conditions. The price charged may be higher when demand conditions are favourable and vice versa. This method is sometimes referred to as what the traffic will bear method. This is a very flexible and realistic method of pricing.

(f) Competitor's Pricing: Under this method, pricing strategy of dominant competitors is taken into consideration while arriving at the pricing decisions. A price leader is the firm, which initiates the price trends in the market. However, if the competitor's pricing policy is faulty, the followers will also land up with wrong pricing.



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parmarth: please may you help me in some export procedure from start to end by a export case study. i means how we can manage all of things related who export like Export packing,Pricing,Logistics,Documentation etc how we can handle many important activity of export.

K M JAYAPALAN: As I am interested in knowing export pricing in the case of merchant exporter as also export documents to this effect for case study.

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