Terms used in freight forwarding such as Dunnage,Duty Free Zone,Duty Rates, Electronic Data Interchange,Electronic Data Processing,En route

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Terms used in freight forwarding such as Dunnage,Duty Free Zone,Duty Rates, Electronic Data Interchange,Electronic Data Processing,En route etc.



This post explains about terms used in freight forwarding such as Dunnage,Duty Free Zone,Duty Rates,Electronic Data Interchange,Electronic Data Processing,En route etc. These terms used in international business are arranged in alphabetical order and you may add more information about terms used in export business at the end of this article, if you wish.


Terms used in freight forwarding


Dunnage: The materials used in packaging, holds and containers to protect goods from damage.


DUNS Number: A unique nine-digit number assigned by Dun and Bradstreet to identify a company. DUNS stands for Data Universal Numbering System


Terms used in freight forwarding such as Dunnage,Duty Free Zone,Duty Rates,  Electronic Data Interchange,Electronic Data Processing,DUNS: Data Universal Numbering System.


Durable Goods: A good which does not quickly wear out, or more specifically, it yields services or utility over time (typically 3 years or more) rather than being completely used up when used once.


Dutiable:Those goods which are subject to duty as per each nation's Customs regulation.


DUTY DRAWBACK :A refund of Customs Duties previously paid for goods originating from another country that are to be subsequently exported. The duty paid on the import is recoverable (under specific conditions) from the US Customs Service.


Duty Drawback:If goods which have been imported, and upon which customs duty has been paid, are exported or have been used in the manufacture of goods which have been exported, then the exporter may be entitled to a refund of the original import duty paid.


Duty Free Zone (DFZ): An area where goods or cargo can be stored without paying import customs duties while awaiting manufacturing or future transport.


Duty Free Zone:An area where goods or cargo can be stored without paying import customs duties awaiting further transport or manufacturing.


Duty Rates - Tax imposed by U.S. Customs on imported merchandise. There are three basic types: (1) ad valorem - based on the entered value, (2) specific - an amount per unit of quantity, (3) compound - combination of ad valorem and specific rates.


DUTY:(a) ad valorem duty means an assessed amount at a certain percentage rate on the monetary value of an import. (b) Specific duty: an assessment on the weight or quantity of an article without preference to its monetary value or market price. (c) Drawback: a recovery in whole or in part of duty paid on imported merchandise at the time of exportation, in the same or different form.


DWT - Deadweight capacity of vessel to carry cargo.


DWT -See Dead Weight Tonnage (of a vessel)


DWT: Deadweight Ton - Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement. Deadweight Ton - 2,240 lbs.


E.I.M- See E.I.S and Equipment Imbalance Surcharge


E.I.S -See ‘Equipment Imbalance Surcharge’


E.T.A.: Estimated time of arrival.


E.T.D. :Estimated time of departure.


E29B :Canada Customs export form for shipments requiring specific evidence of export – e.g. exhibition or show goods which may be returned to the Country of Origin


EC: See Electronic Commerce


ECCN (Export Control Commodity Number):Number (sometimes required on international shipping documentation) that indicates the commodities subject to U.S. Department of Commerce export controls.


ECN -Export Clearance Number, issued by Australian Customs as the authority for the clearance of export cargo. See Chapter on Export Controls and the EXIT system


e-Commerce: See Electronic Commerce


EDF- Export Document Fee. A charge levied by airlines in Australia for handling the documents for each shipment they carry. In 1997 this charge was A$20.00 per Master Air Waybill.


EDI - Electronic Data Interchange. The generic term for a standardized international computer language designed for the transmission of common business data, such as invoices and purchase orders.


EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport:Abbreviation: UN/EDIFACT The ISO application level syntax rules for the structuring of user data and of the associated service data in the interchange of messages in an open environment.


EDI-Electronic Data Interchange. The transfer of structured data from one computer to another.


EDIFACT:Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. International data interchange standards sponsored by the United Nations.


EIN (Exporter Identification Number):An Employer's IRS Identification Number (needed on some international shipping documentation) assigned by the Government when exporting goods from the United States.


Electronic Commerce (EC): Also written as e-commerce. Conducting business electronically via traditional EDI technologies, or online via the Internet. In the traditional sense of selling goods, it is possible to do this electronically because of certain software programs that run the main functions of an e-commerce website, such as product display, online ordering, and inventory management. The definition of e-commerce includes business activity that is business-to-business (B2B), business-to-consumer (B2C).


Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): Intercompany, computer-to-computer transmission of business information in a standard format. For EDI purists, “computer-to-computer" means direct transmission from the originating application program to the receiving, or processing, application program. An EDI transmission consists only of business data, not any accompanying verbiage or free-form messages. Purists might also contend that a standard format is one that is approved by a national or international standards organization, as opposed to formats developed by industry groups or companies. Embargo: Pertaining to a statement or formula based upon experience or observation rather than on deduction or theory.


Electronic Data Processing: EDP The computerised handling of information (e.g. business data).


Embargo:A government order prohibiting the entry or departure of commercial vessels or goods at its ports The refusal by a carrier, for a limited period, to accept for transport over any route or segment thereof, and to or from any area or point, of a connecting carrier, any commodity, type of class of cargo duly tendered (air cargo).


Emergency Fuel Surcharge -This charge, imposed by airlines and shipping lines, has been introduced in the years 1999-2000 to recover the increasing costs of fuel for aircraft and ships. The airline charge is usually a ‘per kg’ cost over the basic per kg freight rate, and in the ocean trades, is either a flat charge per container, or a percentage surcharge applied to the base freight rate.


Emergency Medical Service:Abbreviation: EMS Medical procedures in case of emergencies on board of vessels.


Empty Depot :A container yard used for the storage of empty containers.


En route :Along the route of movement.


End Item: The top level item in a bill of materials. Typically a finished product which can be sold as a completed item or repair part.


End-of-Life Inventory: Inventory on hand that will satisfy future demand for products that are no longer in production at your entity. This differs from obsolete inventory because there is an expected future requirement for these products.


End-of-Life: Planning and execution at the end of the life of a product. The challenge is making just the right amount to avoid: 1) ending up with excess, which has to be sold at great discounts or scrapped, or 2) ending up with shortages before the next generation is available.


The above details describes about terms called in freight forwarding such as Dunnage,Duty Free Zone,Duty Rates,Electronic Data Interchange,Electronic Data Processing,En route etc. These phrases may help importers and exporters on their day to day business activities. The readers can also add more information about terms used in freight forwarding trade below this post.

Terms used in freight forwarding such as document,department of defense, draft,drayage,drayage,dry van,dumping


The above information is a part of Export Import Training course online


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Anush Joy : I am Anush joy from kerala. I am doing sports goods business here at kerala. I have gone through your blog on yesterday. it is very useful for a beginner like me. I have a plan to import sports goods and jersey from china. sir, what is the scope of china products in indian market, and also, is this the right time to start importing goods from china, as they lower down the value o their currency. how about the customs duty and the transporting charges come? Please help me to clear the doubts.

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