Terms used in business such as Debt/equity ratio,Decision Tree,Deed of Trust, Default,Deferred Rebate,Deficit Financing etc


Terms used in business such as Debt/equity ratio,Decision Tree,Deed of Trust, Default,Deferred Rebate,Deficit Financing etc.



This post explains about terms used in business such as Debt capital,Debt finance, Debt/equity ratio,Decision Tree,Deed of Trust,Default,Deferred Rebate,Deficit Financing , Deflation etc. These terms used in international business are arranged in alphabetical order and you may add more information about terms used in export business at the end of this article, if you wish.


Terms used in business


Debt - any amount that is owed including bills, loan repayments and income tax.


Debt - Money owed to another person or organisation, such as a loan, mortgage, etc., which is required to be paid back, usually with interest.


Debt capital: The part of the investment capital that must be borrowed. Default: The failure to pay a debt or meet an obligation.


Debt consolidation - the process of combining several loans or other debts into one for the purposes of obtaining a lower interest rate or reducing fees.


Debt Exposure -Money that a lender risks losing if the borrower fails to pay it back.


Debt finance - money provided by an external lender, such as a bank or building society.


DEBT FINANCING: This is financing in which you get a loan from someone or somewhere and go into debt! You are obligated to repay the money at some predetermined interest rate.

Terms used in  business such as Debtequity ratio,Decision Tree,Deed of Trust,

Debt Instrument: An asset requiring fixed dollar payments, such as a government or corporate bond.


Debt service: The total payment of principal and interest on loans


Debt/equity ratio: The ratio of what a company owes to the value of all of its outstanding shares.


Debt: That which is owed. Debt refers to borrowed funds and is gener­ally secured by collateral or a co-signer.


Debt-Equity Swap - An arrangement between a lender and a debtor, usually a company, in which the lender agrees to reduce the debt in exchange for newly issued shares from the borrower.


Debtor - a person or business that owes you money.


Debtor default / Carence :Default means that the debtor is unable to honour his obligations or backs out of honouring them for no legitimate reason.


Debtor Nation - A nation that owes less in foreign currency than it owes other nations.


Debtors finance - See Factoring.


Decertification - In employment this refers specifically to action taken by workers to disassociate themselves from a trade union which previously represented them. Aside from this the general meaning refers to withdrawal of certification of one sort or another.


Decision ConsequenceAnalysis - A process for helping decision makers, usually in the pharmaceutical and petroleum exploration industries, decide where resources such as time, money, etc., should be invested.


Decision Tree - A diagram which starts with an initial decision, and possible strategies and actions are represented by branches which lead to the final outcome decided upon.


Declarant / Déclarant :Natural or legal person who effects a customs entry: - in his name and on his own behalf (own account declarant); - in his name and on behalf of an economic operator, importer and/or exporter (indirect representation declarant); - in the name of and on behalf of an economic operator, importer and/or exporter (direct representation declarant).



DE-DI / ECE-ICE :Export/import customs declaration. This document authorises the entry or exit of goods not cleared.



Dedicated Access Line (DAL) - A dedicated communications channel that terminates on a general access port provided by Sprint and has the capacity of a voice grade circuit.


De-duplication / Dédupliccation :Operation making it possible to identify identical addresses and two different lists and eliminate the doubles.


Deed Of Partnership - A legal document which sets out how a partnership is to be run, and also the rights of the partners. A Deed Of Partnership is not compulsory but it helps to avoid any misunderstandings or disputes in the future.


Deed of Trust: A security instrument whereby real property is given as security for a debt. However, in a deed of trust there are three parties to the instrument: the borrower, the trustee, and the lender, (or beneficiary). In such a transaction, the borrower transfers the legal title for the property to the trustee who holds the property in trust as security for the payment of the debt to the lender or beneficiary.


Deep Throat - In business, an anonymous source of top secret information. First used in this sense in the reporting of the US Watergate scandal.


Deep Web - Also known as the Invisible Web, said to contain about 500 times more information than the generally accessible world-wide web, the Deep Web comprises data held by secure organizations, for example military and government.


Defamation: It refers to injury to one’s good name or reputation. It is called slander when it is caused by means of spoken words; and ‘libel’ when it is in writing.


Default - a failure to pay a loan or other debt obligation.


Defence Document - A document that a company's shareholders receive which explains why an offer to buy the company should be rejected.


Deferral Principle - Parent companies are not taxed on the income of a foreign subsidiary until they actually receive a dividend amount from that subsidiary.


Deferred Ordinary Shares: Deferred Ordinary Shares are those shares, holders of which are usually the residual claimants to the dividend i.e., these shareholders receive the dividend after all other classes of shareholders have received fixed rates of dividend.


Deferred Payment Credit - A type of letter of credit which provides for payment some time after presentation of the shipping documents by the exporter.


Deferred Rebate: It is a sort to discount or allowance given by the ship owners to the shippers to regulate competition of ship owners outside the ring or their group. The allowance is called a deferred rebate because it is not paid at the time the transaction is carried and the payment is deferred or postponed till some future date.


Deficit Financing - When a government borrows money because of a shortage of funds from taxes. This usually results in pushing up interest rates.


Deficit Financing: It denoted financing public development expenditures in excess of the normal revenue of the government. The excess expenditures may be financed either by drawing an old accumulated saving, by receiving new aids or loans, or by printing and issuing new currency notes.


Deficit financing: The borrowing of money because expenditures will exceed receipts.


Deficit spending: government spending financed by borrowing rather than taxation.


Deficit: The excess of liabilities over assets; a negative net worth.


Deflation - Economic decline typified by falling costs of goods and services; falling levels of employment; limited money supply or credit; reduced imports; lower wage increases, often caused by lower personal spending or investment, and/or a reduction in government spending. Deflation is broadly the opposite of inflation.


Deflation: a reduction in the general level of prices sustained over several months, usually accompanied by declining employment and output.


Deflation: It signifies a deliberate reduction in the amount of money in circulation so as to cause a sudden fall in prices.


Del credere agent / Agent ducroire :A person who sells goods for another and who agrees to pay for them if the customer fails to do so.


Del Credre Commission: It is an additional premium charged by a factor or an agent in consideration of which he guarantees the payment of the customers and becomes personally liable for the price of the goods sold. The agent who guarantees the solvency of the buyers is called a del credit agent.


The above details describes about terms called in business such as Debt capital,Debt finance, Debt/equity ratio,Decision Tree,Deed of Trust,Default,Deferred Rebate,Deficit Financing , Deflation etc. These phrases may help importers and exporters on their day to day business activities. The readers can also add more information about terms used in business trade below this post.Terms used in business such as Dark Net,Data ,Data file ,Day,Days of Grace,Dead Freight,Deadbeat etc

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