Terms used in freight forwarding such as description of goods, destuff,detention charge,direct delivery,direct store delivery,distribution,dock receipt

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Terms used in freight forwarding such as description of goods, destuff,detention charge,direct delivery,direct store delivery,distribution,dock receipt etc.



This post explains about terms used in freight forwarding such description of goods, destuff,detention charge,direct delivery,direct store delivery,distribution,dock receipt etc.These terms used in international business are arranged in alphabetical order and you may add more information about terms used in export business at the end of this article, if you wish.


Terms used in freight forwarding


DESCRIPTION OF GOODS: Plain language description of the nature of the goods sufficient to identify them at the level required for banking, customs, statistical ortransport purposes.


Despatch Advice:Information send by shippers to the recipient of goods informing that specified goods are sent or ready to be sent advising the detailed contents of the consignment.


freightDestination :The place where the carrier or the forwarder actually turns over the cargo or container to consignee or his agent. It may also be termed Final Destination.


DESTUFF: To unload a shipping container.


Destuffing -See Devanning


Detention - A penalty charge against shippers or consignees for delaying carrier's equipment beyond allowed time. Demurrage applies to cargo; detention applies to equipment. See Per Diem.


DETENTION CHARGE: Charge payable by a shipper or receiver to a shipping line.




Detention Charge:Charges levied on usage of equipment exceeding free time period as stipulated in the pertinent inland rules and conditions.


Detention -Charges applied for detaining a vessel, wagon, truck, or cargo. It has had common application by wharf cartage contractors in Australia throughout the latter half of the 20th century ,where frequent delays beyond the agreed time period for loading and unloading of trucks have occurred.


Detention Fee: The carrier charges and fees applied when rail freight cars, ship and carriers are retained beyond a specified loading or unloading time.


Detention:Keeping equipment beyond the time allowed.


DEVAN - The unloading of a container.


Devanning - The process of unloading cargo from a container. Also referred to as un-stuffing, unloading, or stripping.


Devanning -The removal of contents from a container. Also called stripping, destuffing, unstuffing, unpacking, breaking-bulk or discharging.(ICHCA)


Devanning:See Stripping, UnpackingDeviation from a Route A divergence from the agreed or customary route.


DF: Dead freight (shipper or charterer pays for space booked but not occupied)


DG:Dangerous Goods.


DIM WEIGHT: See also Chargeable Weight


Dimensional Weight:The weight calculated by measuring the length x width x height of a package: used when calculating the rate of oversized pieces.


Dimensions:Measurements in length, width and height, regarding cargo.


Direct Delivery:The conveyance of goods directly from the vendor to the buyer. Frequently used if a third party acts as intermediary agent between vendor and buyer. Direct discharge from vessel onto railroad car, road vehicle or barge with the purpose of immediate transport from the port area (usually occurs when ports lack adequate storage space or when ports are not equipped to handle a specific cargo).


Direct Interchange:Transfer of leased equipment from one lessee to another (container).


Direct Route:The shortest operated route between two points.


Direct Service - Denotes that the container stays on the same vessel from port of loading to port of discharge. In contrast to Relay Service.


DIRECT SHIPMENT - A direct shipment is one where the cargo travels on a steamship line bill of lading or air carrier waybill instead of a forwarders bill of lading or air bill.


Direct Store Delivery (DSD): Process of shipping direct from a manufacturer's plant or distribution center to the customer's retail store, thus bypassing the customer's distribution center.


DIRECT TO CONSIGNEE (DTC): Delivery is required to the consignee’s door.


Direct-to-Store Delivery: See Direct Store Delivery


Dirty/Foul/ Claused B/L:A bill of lading with any clauses declaring a defective condition in the goods and/or their packing. Almost invariably not acceptable to banks for presentation under L/Cs and almost always not acceptable to the buyer. (See also Clean Bill of Lading).


DISCHARGE - The point where cargo is unladed from the vessel or aircraft. Also known as the unlading port.


Discharge:The unloading of a vehicle, a vessel or an aircraft. The landing of cargo.


Discharging Removing goods from a ship.


Discrepancy:Difference between the particulars given and the particulars found.


Distribution Center (DC): The warehouse facility which holds inventory from manufacturing pending distribution to the appropriate stores.


Distribution Channel: One or more companies or individuals who participate in the flow of goods and services from the manufacturer to the final user or consumer.


Distribution Channel:The route by which a company distributes goods.


Distribution Planning: The process involved in planning for distribution activities. Activities may include inbound / outbound transportation, warehouse management, setting inventory levels, putaway and picking, packaging and loading, and various administrative functions.


Distribution Warehouse: A warehouse that stores finished goods and from which customer orders are assembled.


Distribution: The activities associated with moving materials from source to destination. Can be associated with movement from a manufacturer or distributor to customers, retailers or other secondary warehousing / distribution points.




Distributor: A business and industry which acts as a third party local representative and distribution point for a manufacturing firm. These firms may perform some light assembly or kitting of goods, but generally provide a buffer for finished goods. Distributors typically purchase the goods in quantity from the manufacturer and ship to customers in smaller quantities.


Diversion - A change made in the route of a shipment.


Dock :(a) The water alongside a pier or wharf. (b) Loading or unloading platform at an industrial location or carrier terminal.


Dock Receipt - Receipt given for a shipment received or delivered at a pier or dock. When delivery of an overseas shipment is completed, the dock receipt is surrendered to the carrier and a bill of lading is issued.


Dock Receipt (D/R) - A form used to acknowledge receipt of cargo and For ocean shipments, D/R are used for port/ pier delivery, and often serves as basis for preparation of the ocean bill of lading. For domestic shipments, truckers D/R or B/L serves as proof of delivery (POD)


Dock Receipt:The Dock Receipt provides the exporter with a receipt indicating that the ocean terminal operator has taken custody of the shipment on behalf of the ocean carrier. It is basically a proof of delivery of the goods from the exporter to the pier.


Dock to Dock | Dock to Door | Door to Dock | Door to Door:Terms used to describe the points from and to where the forwarder transports a shipment. Use the table below to determine the option that best fits your needs:to Door* to Dock From Door* • Pick-up at Shipper's location• Delivered to consignee's location • Pick-up at Shipper's location• Will Call at forwarder's terminalFrom Dock • Drop-off at forwarder's terminal• Delivered to consignee's location • Drop-off at forwarder's terminal• Will Call at forwarder's terminal


The above details describes about terms called in freight forwarding such as description of goods, destuff,detention charge,direct delivery,direct store delivery,distribution,dock receipt etc.These phrases may help importers and exporters on their day to day business activities. The readers can also add more information about terms used in freight forwarding trade below this post.Terms used in freight forwarding such as description of goods, destuff,detention charge,direct delivery,direct store delivery,distribution,dock receipt 


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