Terms used in freight forwarding such as as general average, general cargo,general order,groupage

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Terms used in freight forwarding such as as general average, general cargo,general order,groupage etc.


This post explains about terms used in freight forwarding such as general average, general cargo,general order,ground handling agent,goods in transit,goods,gross weight,groupage etc.


These terms used in international business are arranged in alphabetical order and you may add more information about terms used in export business at the end of this article, if you wish.


Terms used in freight forwarding


GENERAL AVERAGE (G.A.):Ancient principle of equity in which all parties in a sea adventure (ship, cargo, and freight) proportionately share losses resulting from a voluntary and successful sacrifice of part of the ship or cargo to save the whole adventure from an impending peril, or extraordinary expenses necessarily incurred for the joint benefit of ship and cargo.


General Average Act (York-Antwerp Rules:There is a general average act when, and only when any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety for the purpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure.


General Average Agreement-See Average Bond.


Terms used in freight forwarding such as as  general average, general cargo,general order,groupage etcGeneral Average Deposit -A security deposit payable, when cargo is liable for a general average contribution, to the shipowner to obtain release of the cargo. See General Average Guarantee


General Average Guarantee-A guarantee given in lieu of a monetary deposit, to the shipowner by anunderwriter, to:(1) remove the lien and obtain release of the cargo; and(2) as security for the payment of the general average contribution.


GENERAL AVERAGE SECURITY:Documents the cargo owner presents to the General Average Adjuster to replace the vessel owner's maritime lien on cargo for its share of General Average and to obtain release of the goods by the Steamship Company. G.A. Security consists of a G.A. Bond and either a cash deposit or an Underwriter's Guarantee.


General Average :A maritime insurance term. All shippers help pay for damages or loss if any part of the ship or cargo is voluntarily sacrificed (thrown overboard) to save the ship and/or the rest of the cargo. It is usually recoverable under the ordinary marine insurance policy.


General Average: G/A Intentional act or sacrifice which is carried out to safeguard vessel and cargo. When a vessel is in danger, the master has the right to sacrifice property and/or to incur reasonable expenditure. Measures taken for the sole benefit of any particular interest are not considered general average.


General Cargo:Cargo, consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags or bales, often palletised. General cargo can be shipped either in breakbulk or containerised. Any consignment other than a consignment containing valuable cargo and charged for transport at general cargo rates (air cargo).


General Commodities Carrier: A common motor carrier that has operating authority to transport general commodities, or all commodities not listed as special commodities.


GENERAL ORDER (G.O.) - Goods which have gone into General Order have remained at a pier or airline beyond the legal Customs limit for filing an import entry. Customs sends these shipments to a G.O. warehouse and may auction or destroy the goods after a specified amount of time.


General Purpose Container:A Container with two end walls and open sides.A container used for the carriage of general cargo without any special requirements for the transport and or the conditioning of the goods.


GENERAL SALES AGENT (GSA): An agent authorized in a country to handle an airline's export sales/services.


GHA :Ground Handling Agent – a Warehouse Operator that usually handles multiple airlines.


GO: General Order – warehouse authorized by US Customs. Freight that enters the US and remains uncleared (i.e. no duties/taxes paid) after 14 days has to be reported to US Customs and removed to GO. Freight can be subsequently claimed from GO by the consignee on payment of all charges, otherwise it is usually sold at auction.


GOH: Garment On Hangars – name for a special airline metal-framed unit to allow transportation of hanging garments


Gondola Cars:Special type of railroad equipment. Car usually shaped like a gondola (long with no top). Usually carries grain, ore, or other bulk cargo.


GOODS DECLARATION: A statement made in the manner prescribed by the Customs by whichperson concerned indicate the Customs procedure to be applied to the goods and finish the particulars which the Customs require for its application.


GOODS IN TRANSIT:Goods moving between two points.


Goods in Transit:The goods which have departed from the initial loading point and not yet arrived at the final unloading point.


Goods Receipt:Document issued by a port, warehouse, shed, or terminal operator acknowledging receipt of goods specified therein on conditions stated or referred to in the document.

Goods Received Note (GRN): Documentation raised by the recipient of materials or products.


Goods: A term associated with more than one definition: 1) Common term indicating movable property, merchandise, or wares. 2) All materials which are used to satisfy demands. 3) Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment supplied by the shipper.


GOODS: See "Cargo".


GOODS:Cargo shipped by sea or air.


Goods:Common term indicating movable property, merchandise or wares. All materials which can be used to satisfy demands. Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment supplied by the shipper.


GRI - Abbreviation for "General Rate Increase." Used to describe an across-the-board tariff rate increase and is applied to base rates.


GRI - General Rate Increase.


GRI: General Rate Increase is usually a rate increase to all users across the board and is a charge that must be applied to everyone.


Gross Inventory: Value of inventory at standard cost before any reserves for excess and obsolete items are taken.


GROSS WEIGHT - The full weight of the shipment, including goods and packaging.


Gross Weight - The weight of the goods including packaging, wrapping, and internal and external containers.


Groupage Agent- An agent who consolidates LCL cargo into containers for subsequent presentation to the shipping lines as FCL’s.


Groupage -Also called Consolidation. The consolidation (grouping) of LCL consignments into a container.


GROUPAGE: A consolidation service, putting small shipments into containers for shipment.


Groupage: A container with cargoes from/for different shippers/receivers containing more than one shipper's cargo. Otherwise known as LCL (less than a container load).


Groupage:see Consolidation


Groupage:The collection of several small consignments and the formation of one large shipment thereof (road cargo).


GSA: General Sales Agent – a freight company (usually neutral) that provides sales and service for airlines in specific markets.


GUARANTEED FREIGHT:Freight payable whether the goods are delivered or not, provided the failure to deliver the goods resulted from causes beyond the carrier's control.


H/H - House to House (same as CY/CY).


H/P - House to Pier (same as CY/CFS).


The above details describes about terms called in freight forwarding such as general average, general cargo,general order,ground handling agent,goods in transit, goods,gross weight,groupage etc.These phrases may help importers and exporters on their day to day business activities. The readers can also add more information about terms used in freight forwarding trade below this post. Terms used in freight forwarding such as freight forwarder,freight release,freight prepaid, freight, foreign trade zone,fumigation


The above information is a part of Import Export online Training

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luisa lopez: I ordered A4 copy paper @ CIF. But Shiping comany is requiring for air security deposit of $1000.00 and is refundable? IS this possible?

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