Terms used in freight forwarding such as Out of Gauge,Outbound,Overlanded,Port of Discharge,Package to Order, Pallet,Packing List

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Terms used in freight forwarding such as Out of Gauge,Outbound,Overlanded,Port of Discharge,Package to Order, Pallet,Packing List etc.


This post explains about terms used in freight forwarding such as Optimization, ORIGIN,Out of Gauge,Outbound,Overlanded,Port of Discharge,Package to Order, Pallet,Packing List,Pallet Jack etc.These terms used in international business are arranged in alphabetical order and you may add more information about terms used in export business at the end of this article, if you wish.


Terms used in freight forwarding


Optimization: The process of making something as good or as effective as possible with given resources and constraints.


Order B/L:A negotiable B/L, in which the goods are consigned "to order of" a particular party, often the shipper in which case the consignee is mostly shown simply as "to order".




Terms used in freight forwarding such as Out of Gauge,Outbound,Overlanded,Port of Discharge,Package to Order, Pallet,Packing List etcOrder Batching: Practice of compiling and collecting orders before they are sent in to the manufacturer.


Order Management: The process of managing activities involved in customer orders, manufacturing orders, and purchase orders. For customer orders this includes order entry, picking, packing, shipping, and billing. For manufacturing it includes order release, routing, production monitoring, and receipt to inventory. For POs the activities are order placement, monitoring, receiving, and acceptance.


Order: A type of request for goods or services such as a purchase order, sales order, work order, etc.


ORIGIN: Starting point of a shipment.


Origin: The place where a shipment begins its movement.


OS&D Overage, Shortage & Damage – report produced to describe any discrepancies on freight/shipments


Out of Gauge (OOG) - Cargo which has dimensions that are too high or too wide (or both) to be loaded into a standard or high cube box container.


Out of Gauge Cargo:Cargo which dimensions are exceeding the normal dimensions of a 20 or 40 feet container, e.g. overlength, overwidth, overheight, or combinations thereof.


OUT OF SYSTEM MOVES Shipments that move on lane segments other than those regularly serviced by TBAC e.g. YYZ->YYC or JFK->BUF


Outbound Consolidation: Consolidation of a number of small shipments for various customers into a larger load. The large load is then shipped to a location near the customers where it is broken down and then the small shipments are distributed to the customers. This can reduce overall shipping charges where many small packet or parcel shipments are handled each day.


Outbound Logistics: The process related to the movement and storage of products from the end of the production line to the end user.


Outbound:Outward bound. Direction of vessel or cargo going out from port of loading or point/place of receipt.


Outsider Line -An independent shipping line. One that is not a member of a shipping conference


Outturn- As a verb - to outturn: to discharge the cargo. As a noun - The outturn: the actual list of cargo discharged from a ship or from a container. Outturn reports of import cargo must be furnished by shipping lines, airlines and break bulk operators to the customs officials.


Outturn Report:Written statement by a stevedoring company in which the condition of cargo discharged from a vessel is noted along with any discrepancies in the quantity compared with the vessel's manifest.

Overheight Cargo:Cargo, exceeding the standard height.


Overland Common Point (OCP) - A term stated on bill of lading offering lower shipping rates to importers east of the Rockies provided merchandise from the Far East comes in through the West Coast Ports.

Overlanded :Cargo discharged but not on the manifest, generally by accident.


Overlength Cargo:Cargo, exceeding the standard length.


Oversized Pieces:Shipments of 85 inches or greater that are too large to fit on a pallet.


Over-the-road: A motor carrier operation that reflects long-distance, intercity moves; the opposite of local operations.


Overweight Container Law: Since April 9, 1997 any container or trailer in intermodal commerce weighing over 29,000 lbs must provide all parties with actual weight, reasonable description of the cargo, identity of the certifying party, the trailer or container number, and the date of certification.


Overwidth Cargo:Cargo, exceeding the standard width.


Owner:The legal owner of cargo, equipment or means of transport.


P & I Club:A mutual association of shipowners who provide protection against liabilities by means of contributions. Any physical piece of cargo in relation to transport consisting of the contents and its packing for the purpose of ease of handling by manual or mechanical means. The final product of the packing operation consisting of the packing and its contents to facilitate manual or mechanical handling.


P.O.D. :Port of Discharge. The port at which cargoes or containers are discharged from vessel. When transshipment is needed, there can be a number of PODs during the course of shipment until it reaches the final POD.


P.O.L. :Port of Loading. The port at which cargoes or containers are loaded onto vessels.




P/H - Pier to House (same as CFS/CY).


P/P - Pier to Pier (same as CFS/CFS).


PACIFIC BASIN - The eight major Asian trading countries excluding Japan and China: Hong Kong, Indonesia, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, and Philippines.


Pack Out: In a fulfillment environment this refers to the operations involved in packaging and palletizing individual units of product for introduction into the warehouse distribution environment. For example, a contract 3PL may received or assemble units of product which need to be placed into retail packaging, then overpacked with a carton and then palletized.


Package to Order: A postponement strategy where products are received in bulk or manufactured without final packaging to allow for a variety of packaging options for a single product. An example is where a product is shipped to retailers with packaging designed specifically for the individual retailer.


Packaging:Materials used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods and the activities of placing and securing goods in those materials.


PACKAGING:Materials used to protect a shipment physically when it is in a warehouse or in transit. Protective packaging is often inside a carton or individual box.


Packing Instruction:Document issued within an enterprise giving instructions on how goods are to be packed.


Packing list :Document which itemizes shipment contents.


Packing List:A document provided by the shipper detailing the packaging of the goods, including their weight and measurement, and assortment, etc.


Packing List:This important document describes all items in the box, crate, pallet, or container, plus the type, dimensions, and weight of the container. It is used to determine total shipping weight and volume (cubes) by Customs officials to check cargo, and by the buyer to inventory merchandise received. Prices and item values are usually omitted from the Packing List. Shipping marks, reference numbers and carton numbers are also important additions to the packing list.


PALLET - A low portable platform, usually wooden, on which cargo is attacked for storage or transportation; a skid.


Pallet Jack: Material handling equipment consisting of two broad parallel pallet forks on small wheels used in the warehouse to move pallets of product, but not having the lifting capability of a forklift. It may be a motorized unit guided by an operator who stands on a platform; or it may be a motorized or manual unit guided by an operator who is walking behind or beside it. Comes as a "single" (one pallet) or "double" (two pallets).


The above details describes about terms called in freight forwarding such as Optimization, ORIGIN,Out of Gauge,Outbound,Overlanded,Port of Discharge,Package to Order, Pallet,Packing List,Pallet Jack etc.These phrases may help importers and exporters on their day to day business activities. The readers can also add more information about terms used in freight forwarding trade below this post

Terms used in freight forwarding such Notification of arrival,Ocean B/L,Ocean freight,On Deck Cargo,Oncarriage,open policy


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