Meaning and purpose of Inco terms


Meaning of Incoterms

Meaning and purpose of Inco termsThere are a number of common sale or trade terrors used in international trade to express the sale price and corresponding rights and obligations of the seller and buyer. These terms are defined by the International Chamber of Commerce, which are known as `Incoterms.



Purpose of Incoterms

The purpose of Incoterms is to provide common interpretation for the different trade terms used in international trade.

In international business, parties are from diverse nations. Different meanings exist for different terms, due to different trade practices followed in those countries. Specific terms are to be interpreted by all parties in a similar manner; otherwise disputes are bound to arise. This can create misunderstandings and disputes. They may lead to litigation resulting in wastage of time, money and strained relationship, disrupting the long- standing mutually beneficial business contacts. In order to remedy the problem, International Chamber of Commerce has developed Incoterms. The uncertainties of different interpretation have been greatly avoided or at least reduced by these Incoterms. These terms have been revised several times with the changes in international commercial practices, from time to time. The current version of Incoterms has been issued in 1990. They define the rights and responsibilities of importers and exporters in international trade.

 

 

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